The Crusades Essay

821 WordsNov 24, 20084 Pages
The Crusades A Partial Success The main goal of the Crusades was to create a long-lived kingdom in the Holy Land. But even though they failed in fulfilling there main goal the Crusades contributed profoundly to the political and economical development of Western Europe, laying the groundwork for the achievements of the Renaissance. Yet these very developments in the West, for which the Crusades were responsible, crippled the Crusade movement in the thirteenth century. In 1095, the Byzantine Emperor Alexius Comnenus sent a cry for aid against the Turks to Pope Urban II, whose response far exceeded the Byzantine Emperor’s hopes. When the Pope urged the people to consider the call to free Jerusalem from the Muslims, he spoke to them in their native french, so that there might be no misunderstanding the situation. He told the crowd that it was not he, but the Lord, who encouraged them to become “soldiers of Christ”. He also told them the extent of Muslim conquest in the Holy Land and surrounding areas, as well as the atrocities they had committed against pilgrims and Christians. He spoke of the Scaracen as “enemies of God” and stated that those who aided the Muslims were acting against the “interests of Christ Himself and the Christian people." In one part of his speech, Urban called for “men of all ranks, knights as well as foot-soldiers, rich as well as poor, to destroy that vile race from the lands of your brethren. Moreover, Christ commands it.” This made the idea of going to war against the barbarous controllers of the Holy Land seen as holy right, and fully justified. A truly holy war that benefited the political order established for the good of mankind by Christ Himself, and in fact, performing the will of God. The crowd responded enthusiastically, shouting, “Deus lo volt!” (God wills it!) As other preachers took up the cry, many of them would speak of

More about The Crusades Essay

Open Document