APWH Ch 14: Empires and Encounters Responses Margin Review Questions 1. What enabled Europeans to carve out huge empires an ocean away from their homelands? • Europeans were much closer to the Americas than were their potential Asian competitors. • Europeans were powerfully motivated after 1200 to gain access to the world of Eurasian commerce. • Groups within European society—including competing monarchs, merchants, impoverished nobles and commoners, Christian missionaries, and persecuted minorities—all had strong, if different, motivations for participating in empire building.
This new design would allow boats to sail farther and faster with fewer resources. Another of his contributions to expansion was his school for sailors set up in Portugal’s conquered city in North Africa. The school started in 1418 compiled maps and charts for interpretation and examination with the goal of charting as much ocean as possible. With Italy controlling trade with the Islamic states and growing into an empire of its own other European countries couldn’t compete with trade in the Mediterranean.
But as the 1800s came to a close, American expansion had reached all the way to the pacific and had nowhere else to go on the American mainland. Over the course of the late 1800’s, economic expansionism became part of the American experience. There were new levels of industrial productivity, which created surpluses. U.S business began to export goods to foreign trade markets and developed foreign trade that was central to the country’s economic health and prosperity. The desire for new economic
Western Europe’s expansion of Atlantic trade, through exploration and colonization, not only improved their own economy, but also the economy of America, through sharing new trade products and crops as well as beginning the slave trade. Western Europe began exploring other parts of the world around the mid-1400s. They first started out with primarily explorers from Portugal and Spain. Some of these people were Christopher Columbus, Francisco
A comparative overview of the religious and socio-economic histories of the Chesapeake, New England and Mid-Atlantic colonies shows the evolved societies contrasted culturally as a direct result of diverse local economies and divergent religious influences manifested in the establishment of unique church state paradigms. The human need for freedom of religion arrived on the Atlantic seaboard by the boatload. As dominant religions were challenged “back home” the persecuted dissident group fled to the “Promised Land” in the New World. This recurring Exodus theme was the proclaimed impetus behind many colonial start-ups in British North America. These new communities flourished or failed based as much on the socio-economic viability of
By the mid-sixteenth century, what areas of the globe did Spain control? By the mid-sixteenth century, however, Spain would control much of the Caribbean, large portions of the Americas and parts of Africa. 8. Why did King John II of Portugal reject Columbus' request to fund his exploration? Portuguese exploration along the African coast alone demonstrated enough potential to Portugal's leaders that there was no need to explore what had previously been a disappointing Atlantic.
Melissa Mohammed Period 2 Comparison & Contrast: Trans-Atlantic & Indian Ocean Basin Trade During the colonization of the Americas the Trans-Atlantic and Indian Ocean basin were both used as a trading system for commerce exchange. The effect trading had on the indigenous people had been different and what was traded among the systems was also dissimilar. However, both the Trans-Atlantic and Indian Ocean basin had European involvement. Both trading routes had exposure to many diseases, but the effects devastated the Trans-Atlantic in a tremendous way. Eventually, Europeans dominated both trading systems allowing them to run the waters.
He took his first voyage across that Atlantic which almost led to death. Columbus also began a new voyage with the Santa Maria, Piñata, and Nina. He also mastered the currents of the Atlantic, thinking they flowed for east to west. Columbus’s last voyage was sailed in 1502.
Additionally, colonial America spread throughout Atlantic World and in time converted many of these indigenous groups and slaves. Yet, in many cases the conversion of the indigenous people backfired on them. Many took up arms against the colonies, fighting in what they believe was true and dear to them. Despite the failures within these groups, the Atlantic World developed through the interaction among them, through the roles of religion, race, and
Dante Colucci Mrs. McElroy AP US History 2 04/30/12 Colonization The colonial expansion of the Spanish and the French are very different in execution, but similar in their goals. The Spanish were the first to arrive to the Western Hemisphere. After Columbus had arrived back in Spain, many of the other countries desired to go to the New World. The Spanish were ruthless in the colonization of the Americas. The French were not as ruthless.