Crj 110 Essay

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CRJ 110 Introduction to Criminology CRJ 110 – Module 1 Homework Assignment PART I: SHORT RESPONSE 1. What is the role of criminological research in theory building? Criminology is the study of why individuals commit crimes. Knowing why a person commits a crime can help find ways to control the crime and locate the offender. 2. How can theories help us to understand criminal behavior or to design strategies intended to control such behavior? A theory is a series of interrelated propositions that attempt to describe, explain, predict and ultimately control some. A theory gains explanatory power from inherent logical consistency and is tested by how well it describes and predicts reality. 3. What role do research and experimentation play in theory building in criminology? How might a good research design be diagrammed? What kinds of threats to the validity of research designs can you identify? How can such threats be controlled or eliminated? Theories once proposed, need to be tested against the real world via a variety of research strategies, including experimentation and case studies. Research design have to consist of the logic and structure inherent in any particular approach to data gathering. There are two types of validity those are that limit the certainty that internal interventions caused the changes in research findings, which is called internal validity and those that affect the ability of researchers to generalize the research findings to other settings. 4. What are the differences between quantitative and qualitative methods in the social sciences? What are the advantages and disadvantages of each method? Qualitative and quantitative research are the two main schools of research, and although they are often used in tandem, the benefits and
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