The rose is a symbol of love and desire, however the thorns rubbing each other reflects the harm and the pain. The man comes to his senses and he can feel the jealousy and desire reflected on the devil’s eyes, and he distinguishes the hate coming from his face. The devil is envying the man because he would not fall for the devil’s tricks of tempting. The poet describes the devil’s hate as “scalding pits of hate” as an image of heat and fire. The man goes back to his senses and feels free.
Before he starts on the stories he explains that a man named D.H. Lawrence, who studied Poe’s stories, had a philosophy of love that was the key to understanding the madness in Poe’s stories. He defines love as “the mysterious vital attraction which draws things together”, and the act of sex as the “crisis of love”. He also states that the two kinds of love are physical and mental, and states that “If men live by love, they die or cause death, if they love to much”. Which he says is a conflict that arises and that brings us to the idea of madness. The first story is “Ligeia”, which he explains as being one of physical vs. mental.
He painted a portrait of Elizabeth Siddall but actually is the character of Beatrice Portinari from a poem La Vita Nuova of Dante Alighieri; she is Dante’s longterm lover. Rossetti had suffered a similar affliction in his beloved wife’s death, so he combine Dante’s love story with himself to illustrate his love. Firstly, I will describe the general painting and the single object. After that, then using my personal understanding to interpreting the meaning and the story hiding in this painting. The artists express their soul through their artwork, by creating a work of aesthetic beauty.
Furthermore, the personification and contrast of both love and death, ‘lean abhorred monster’, throughout the play, adds to the overall dramatic effect by giving life to abstract nouns, as well as foreshadowing the imminent tragedy. The most predominant form of love in the First Act is Romeo’s love for Rosaline; which is not only unrequited but aesthetic ‘she is rich in beauty’. Romeo’s love for Rosaline is expressed through melodramatic speeches and oxymorons ‘bright smoke’, which alludes to his confusion and inner conflict. Despite Romeo’s declaration of love for Rosaline, it seems that his true purpose is to that ‘hit’ her ‘with Cupid’s arrow’ or ‘ope her lap to saint seducing gold’. The use of ‘hit’, an active verb, implies that he is attempting to force his obsession on her.
When Romeo first appears, Shakespeare uses a variety of oxymorons to portray him as a confused Petrarchan lover. Amidst an infatuated speech describing his confusion as to the unrequited ‘love’ he feels for Rosaline, Romeo lists a number of nouns with contrasting adjectives, including ‘bright smoke’ and ‘cold fire’. Shakespeare’s use of oxymorons parallels what appears to be a completely unstable state of mind, to show the audience the level of pain which a romantic non-reciprocal lover feels. Despite this, it is clear that Shakespeare included this technique to divide audience members in their interpretation of Romeo’s speech. Many audience members could interpret this in a slightly mocking way, scorning at Romeo’s exaggerative behaviour and perceiving it to be somewhat sardonic humour.
"The darkest places in hell are reserved for those who maintain their neutrality in times of moral crisis." -Durante Alighieri. Dante, considered the "greatest Italian poet," was well known during the Middle Ages. The writer is known for his other poems too including Divina Commedia (Divine Comedy), Paradisio (Paradise), La Vita Nuove (The New Life), and Purgatorio (Purgatory). Dante was also a politician, while he was in Rome much of the city was destroyed, the Pope banished him from Florence unless he were to pay a fine even though he was innocent of such sin (wiki).
Themes of Love and Hate in William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet Romeo and Juliet is a play about two young lovers, whose love was destined for destruction from the beginning because of the hatred between the two families, Montagues and Capulets. Therefore, the themes of love and hate are very important in the play as the plot is driven by these two themes. Shakespeare brings out the love between the two rivals through Romeo and Juliet and their relationships with the Friar and the Nurse. I want to argue that in the play, the themes of love and hate are closely linked. To show this, I have selected some of the most important scenes in the play, which illustrate the idea that love and hate are closely bound together.
Romeo’s Banishments is Hell In the play Romeo and Juliet, Shakespeare uses poetic and literary techniques such as Metaphors, enjambment, and repetition in order to allow the reader to better understand and emphasize the intensity of Romeo’s shame and grief of events following Juliet’s cousin, Tybalt’s murder. When the Verona Court sentenced Romeo to banishment, out of pity and sympathy, he wrestles with the feelings of lonesomeness and sorrow. Romeo compares Juliet’s presence to heaven, “‘Tis torture and not mercy. Heaven is here where Juliet lives,”(III.iii.31-32). This expresses Romeo’s love for Juliet, and disbelief that he will not be able to see her again due to his banishment.
This view is borne out by a passage in the Politics where Aristotle refers to religious frenzy being cured by certain tunes which excite religious frenzy. In Tragedy: “…pity and fear, artificially stirred the latent pity and fear which we bring with us from real life.” In the Neo-Classical era, Catharsis was taken to be an allopathic treatment with the unlike curing unlike. The arousing of pity and fear was supposed to bring about the purgation or ‘evacuation’ of other emotions, like anger, pride etc. As Thomas Taylor holds: “We learn from the terrible fates of evil men to avoid the vices they manifest.” F. L. Lucas rejects the idea that Katharsis is a medical metaphor, and says that: “The theatre is not a hospital.” Both Lucas and Herbert Reed regard it as a kind of safety valve. Pity and fear are aroused, we give free play to these emotions which is followed by emotional relief.
Dante's adventure clearly shows that the souls of hell are punished, as I thought. Punishments range from living in filth to painful tortures. Dante expands his idea of hell being made up of circles that descend based on sin. While this idea makes sense, I have never been exposed to that thought. This concept creates constant surprises and extremely interesting imagery.