Associate Level Material Appendix C Psychotherapy Matrix Directions: Review Module 36 of Psychology and Your Life. Select three approaches to summarize. Include examples of the types of psychological disorders appropriate for each therapy. |Psychodynamic Approach |Behavioral Approach |Cognitive Approach | |Summary of |This form of therapy tries to bring unresolved past |This approach assumes that both normal and abnormal |This approach tries to teach people to think in more | |Approach |conflicts from the unconscious to the conscious, where the|behaviors are learned. This form of therapy builds on a |adaptive ways by changing their dysfunctional cognitions | | |patient can deal with the problems.
Discuss two psychological therapies of depression. (24 Marks) One psychological therapy of depression in Psychodynamic Interpersonal Therapy. This therapy was developed by Hobson, and focuses mainly on the relationship between the therapist and patient. When a comfortable relationship is established, past events that could be the cause of depression are relived and resolved to try and relieve the pressures that they may be putting on the individual. Hobson believes that because problems in our life are usually through interpersonal relationships, we should resolve these problems through a therapeutic relationship.
1009). This indicates the complexity in managing bipolar disorder. Studies also show that psychotherapy is necessary to supplement and optimize the effects of medication (Steinkuller and Rheineck 338). Cognitive behavioral therapy helps patients manage the disorder by replacing negative behaviors with positive ones. Education is important with this form of treatment so clients can recognize how different factors affect the course of the disease and what they can do to manage these factors (Steinkuller and Rheineck 342).
Chapter 9 review test Hypnosis: is an altered state of consciousness brought on by special techniques, and characterized by responsiveness to suggestions for changes in perceptions and behavior. Hypnotic susceptibility: one of the stable characteristics of individuals, but not closely related to the personality traits such as those measured by the five-factor model in the general population. Age regression: is a phenomenon that exists when a person is hypnotized and receives a suggestion or instruction while hypnotized to recall an event from the past. Posthypnotic suggestions: affect the behavior after hypnosis has ended. Posthypnotic amnesia: inability to remember what happened under hypnosis.
Firstly there is exposure, and in this element, the patient is repeatedly presented with the feared stimulus until anxiety subsides, known as habituation. The exposures move gradually from least to most threatening in manner similar to systematic desensitization. However, If the pace is too slow, patients may lose motivation. The underlying principle of this explanation is that the anxieties persist due to negative reinforcement. ERP aims to break this cycle by forcing the patient to experience the stimulus and learn, through association and relaxation, that it no longer produces anxiety.
Very detailed as the clients walks though different levels of feelings that start at the most intense feeling about a phobia or disorder and once a specific belief is resolved, beleifs are resolved until the phobia or the anxiety disorder is resolved. The goal of systematic desensitization is to expose gradually clients to phobias until it is relieved. This process cannot be applied to all phobias as some phobias may have deep psychological attachment that may require another form of therapy. Aversive conditioning or avoidance avoid objects or situations that's not favorable. With conditioning an individual learn to respond based on a negative or positive response from a stimuli.
It is generally assumed that substance abuse clients are products of a broken family structure and are prone to criminal behavior. Thus warranting the need for group facilitators to filter out most all and/or any negative energy and replace it with the positive. After-all the goal is to modify their behavior, what better way can one began to foster positive reinforcement then to provide the initial environment for such. However, there is always a chance that different claims and/or viewpoints can present challenges. For example, one might find that providing positive energy support for clients is not priority; thus, this can lead to more than just a difference of opinion.
The approach focuses on maladaptive behaviors (addictive behaviors) by changing what it perceives to be the root cause of them (faulty thinking). The goal of the therapist is to encourage the clients to focus on their thoughts and actions. Advocates of this theory contend that only by modifying self-defeating thoughts and behavior patterns will the client truly be able to solve his or her own problems. Thus, the aim of the therapy is to eliminate troubling emotions or behaviors rather than to help patients gain insight into the underlying cause of their problems (Ford-Martin, 1999). Cognitive-behavioral family therapy (CBFT) is the extension model of CBT, however, it also focuses on the members of a family, considering them to be parts of a cohesive unit, and looking at such factors as interfamilial relationships, communication patterns, and other familial dynamics (Frey, 1999).
Also, therapists should be careful not to overwhelm the person with information. What psychological interventions are effective once PTSD is diagnosed? Expert Consensus Guidelines are published (Foa, Davidson, & Frances, 1999) which describe current practices in the treatment of PTSD by experts in the field. These are available on-line for review at: http://www.psychguides.com/gl-treatment_of_PTSD.html The Expert Consensus Guidelines describe in broad detail what therapies are considered effective for PTSD. Two of the recommended therapies are exposure therapy and cognitive therapy (which usually includes exposure therapy as a part of the treatment).
Psychodynamic theory helps me to know how family members are alike, and how different family members are (Winnicott 2007); it gives me important clues and understanding of my clients (Klein 1998; Dryden 2007; McLeod 2007). Thus, appropriate questioning is important (Jacobs 2010); one may never know what the clients may discover for themselves (Klein 1997; Jacobs 2010: 16-53). It is of value to my clients to know the sources of the psychological forces and qualities they are using (Jacobs 2010). Therefore, I would explain to my client that there may be similarities between themselves and their parents and ancestors, and that these similarities or dissimilarities have a bearing on the family situation, and that they constitute parts of their own psychological make-up (Klein 1997). Overview Melanie Klein, whilst keeping thus to an instinct theory, developed the idea of a phantasied inner world of object relationships where ego and objects could be split into different parts (Klein 1997).