Critically Discuss How National Culture Acts to Shape Hrm Practices and, Drawing on Both Theory and Practice, Consider How Mncs Can Seek to Address National Cultural Differences Across Their Operations. Essay

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National Culture can be be described as a set of norms and values that are common within the population of a nation In this essay I will discuss several topics. Firstly I will seek to introduce national culture and key concepts surrounding it. Secondly, I will explore the validity of different attempts to conceptualise national culture in an effort to measure the implications of organisations. Finally, I will consider how Multi national corporations can adapt their HRM practices to to align with the national culture of foreign countries that the corporation has operations in. Throughout this essay I will used relevant academic theory to back up my ideas. In this section of my essay I will introduce and define culture, as well as discussing some key theories behind it. Terpstra & David (1991 : 6) defined culture as 'a learned, shared, compelling, interrelated set of symbols whose meaning provide a set of orientations form members of a society' . Culture can be seen as a set of norms, beliefs and behaviour that governs how groups of people will react between each other, as well as to outsiders. Culture can also be seen as a group of people's shared solutions to a universal problem. For example, how work is conducted, ways of surviving and ways in which to reward. It also helps provide guidelines of how people to interact with each other and outsiders, reducing the complexity and uncertainty of a situation. This is very useful as it may reduce any anxieties that groups may have about the uncertain. Culture also links to how a group see's itself in terms of home values and in terms of how it sees itself in relation to other groups of people. In 2003 Tayeb suggested that there can be a range of different factors that can contribute to the characteristics of a nation's culture. One of these is history, this can have a great influence of a nation's culture

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