Unit 2 Assignment D1) Describe the expected stage of social development of children aged 4 years Most children at this age feel more settled. They grow in confidence as they are able to make friends and play with other children. They show social skills, for example turn-taking, sharing and concern for others. Strong emotions are still felt and quarrels and temper tantrums may appear at times. During this year most children will be affectionate towards their family, friends and carers and they also want to play with children but mostly pretend play.
Explain how the experience of play can assist with child development Play is essential to development because it contributes to the cognitive, physical, social, and emotional well-being of children and youth. Play also offers an ideal opportunity for parents to engage fully with their children. Despite the benefits derived from play for both children and parents, time for free play has been markedly reduced for some children. This report addresses a variety of factors that have reduced play, including a hurried lifestyle, changes in family structure, and increased attention to academics and enrichment activities at the expense of recess or free child-centred play. The experiences that children have with play assist with child development in many areas.
In a nursery children will engage in numerous types of play, one of those types of play is pretend play, ’Pretend play is where children talk to toys or objects and make up games using characters’ (P.Tassoni,(2007) page 160). Pretend play can develop social and emotional development because children can express their feelings through fictional characters. Discovery play will be present at a park. ‘Discovery play is a
To ensure a child’s social development is on target, praise, guidance, support and encouragement are key when helping them interact with others around them. With emotional development, a child requires warmth, support, and affection. Between birth and 9 months, a child should be able to respond to the mothers face and enjoy the company of familiar people, enjoy games such as ‘peek-a-boo’, and will be very dependent on their care-givers for comfort. From 1 year and 2 years, the child will become independent and confident, and from this will enjoy performing in front of an audience, be more cooperative and enjoy playing alongside other children. Between 2 and 3 years, the confidence of the child will increase resulting in them playing happily alongside other children adults.
This theory can be questioned as children don’t hear adults making virtuous errors, so why do they? Burko and Brown, the Cognitive view contradict Piaget theory. It is said that language comes with understanding and wider development, children can’t talk about past tense as they can’t understand it. As investigated in 1960 cognitive development happens quicker than a child’s development so they can understand much more than they can say. Social Interactions view is the LASS supports and develops children’s language through interactions with others.
Finally, during the preschool years, many children become quite independent and social interacting with the world around them through games and play activities. This is the stage of moving from minute activities to preparing for a solid foundation in all areas of development preparing to interact out of the home. Being a teacher in a classroom, I understand the significant impacts that play enhance preschool children’s growth and development through empowerment, self- help skills, and pro social behavior. As a center, we provide opportunities for preschoolers to exercise their ability to function in a school community efficiently and independently. This includes interacting both inside and outside with their peer and their teachers.
Play continues from childhood into adulthood regardless of its nature. It is believed that people whom do not take part in play are more likely to suffer boredom, depression and stress. It is through play that children make sense of the world around them and develop as individuals, it helps to support their emotional and cognitive development. Children learn so much while at play like social skills such as sharing,
Child development is defined as the biological and psychological changes that occur in human beings from birth to the end of adolescence, as the individual progresses from dependence to increasing autonomy. Play is an important aspect in a child's development. For children, play is synonymous to work in adults, toys are their tools. Toys do not only serve as entertainment but more importantly, they aid in child development. Children learn reasoning, concentration, motor, social and language skills from their first attempt to grab a rattle or mobile during infancy to their mastery of the intricacies of a computer game in their teens.
I will look at different types of play which need to be provided for child's learning and development. Play is all about learning and it is important to help to learn about emotions, relationships, feelings of satisfactions, enjoyment and happiness and imaginations. Also important aspect of this essay will be the parents approach to play and their influence on children play behaviour, which will be discussed. There are many varieties of definition of the word 'play', as it all dependant on the persons own experiences. What could be a play for some, may not be play to others.
The potential of pedagogical documentation, By Jacinthe Nguyen Can learning be visible? Children’s and teacher’s learning’s processes visible through pedagogical documentation. Life is full of learning moments for children as well as for adults. But how can we illustrate this learning in a manner visible to others? In the Reggio Emilia approach, children are seen as active and competent learners; and the use of pedagogical documentation reflects this view through exhibiting, analysing and reflecting on children’s learning (Patterson, 2005).