Critically Assess the Philosophical Problems Raised by the Belief That God Is Omniscient.

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Omniscience is a word more often than not given to a divine power that means all knowing. Every monist religious faith claims that there is a creator who knows all of His creation, which includes both how it exists and why. The Christian Bible states ‘I know you through and through, even before birth’. There is however two understandings of omniscience, the first understanding is that God has a limited omniscience and only knows what is possible to know and the second and perhaps the most obvious yet complex, is that God know everything there is to know past, present and future. The two definitions of omniscient each raise different problems, the former raises questions about God’s omnipotence, as one needs to assess if the laws of nature can limit an omnipotent God. The latter raises problems as, if He exists outside of time as an eternal creator and knows the past, present and future simultaneously, do we still have free will? Problems to God’s omniscience highlighted in Book 5 is Molina who states that God does not interfere with humans choices or decisions, but merely observes all possible outcomes and thus sees the past, present and future simultaneously, fitting with an eternal God. Aquinas gives the image of a man standing on a mountain and witnessing the whole road and everything that happens on it and the various paths we may take. However, it is important to note how the man on the mountain does not influence any choices and so just because one sees what is happening, this does not mean that it in any way influences the decisions made. Boethius adds to this by stating, how if God can see past, present and future but He cannot change or influence anything, as it is all happening at once to Him. This then means we can logically state that God does not answer with actions, as He is not with us temporally on earth. This means that there is a contradiction
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