Explain the different understandings of the role of God which are found in Aquinas’ cosmological argument The cosmological argument was not set about to prove the existence or the role of God. The initial purpose of the cosmological argument was to answer the question ‘How did the universe come into existence?’ The role of God isn’t totally explained within the cosmological argument, but characteristics about the role of God are found in various variations of the cosmological argument. Aquinas’s three ways establish many of these codes and characteristics. The God mentioned in each of the cosmological arguments is the God of classical theism. Each of Aquinas’s three ways established a different role of God.
Every worldview has its own specific set of answers to questions regarding the natural world, human identity, human relationships, and culture. However, these presuppositions differ greatly from those found in the Christian worldview. Christian presuppositions are unique, because they are not built on the philosophy of man, but rather they are built upon direct revelation from God. These presuppositions must be gathered from the source of God's divine revelation; that being the Holy Bible. This essay will discuss what can be found in the Scriptures on the topics of the natural world, human identity, human relationships, and culture.
(Heb. 6:1 faith is the substance of things hope for and the evidence of things not seen. I would answer the Axiological question by saying, “God is the creator of the for universe.” Not only does he creates everything, he is everything. So that means because God is of value, we are of value too.We have to always keep God center. (Exodus 20:3 You shall have no other Gods me.)
When you pass away no one really knows what happens next, but the Bible tells you what happens if you take the word and believe and be forgiven of your sins that you will go to Heaven, it gives a sense of power of your life and meaning. What is the nature of the universe? I believe the we are more than matter, the way Mark Cosgrave explains” That if you believe the universe is nothing but matter, then you have no choice but to believe that human beings, who are part of the universe, are also mere matter” ( Foundations of Christian thoughts Page 33). This sentence really had me thinking on my own beliefs, I believe personally that we are more than mere matter, I believe in the Lord that created us in his image and that we are more then molecules, this is when Faith comes in to comfort the unknowing, and believe in the word of the Bible. How do you know what you know?
He is self-contemplatory therefore does not think about the world and is transcendent, hence he is not subject to cause and effect. The Prime Mover, unlike God, cannot cause miracles or natural disasters like earthquakes to occur in the world as he is immaterial, otherwise he would decay. The Judeo Christian concept of God is also described as Omni-potent,
Calvin’s idea of predestination suggests that some people are God’s ‘elect’ and that, after death, these ‘elect’ will join God in heaven. Believers in predestination claim that our actions, whether ‘elect’ or ‘damned’, are predestined or decided by God; meaning that we have very little, if any at all, free will in our decision making or actions. This theory of predestination often leads people to believe in a God ‘who favours some but not all of his creation’, which would be intrinsically linked to miracles in the sense that, regardless of what we do, God has already decided whether he will interact with the world or perform a miracle. Miracles, in this sense, are seen not as unsystematic breaches of natural law but rather as the eternal intention of God for the world. For this reason, people who agree with Calvin in believing in predestination often find it difficult to understand why miracles aren’t common occurrences.
The Natural World God created the natural world through His word. This shows the nature of God as all powerful and His word as power. When God spoke, the universe and everything in it came into existence. This we know because the Bible is the word of God that it is not written by human knowledge, but by the inspiration of the Holy Spirit. Romans 1:20 says “that the creation has been seen and understood because of God’s invisible qualities, divine nature and His eternal power so that men may not have an excuse.” It, therefore, follows that God is seen through His creation.
I do not completely agree with this because for God to have control of what ever mind perceives, he would have to be the creator of these minds. But we as rationale beings can decide when to create a new mind. “With regard to all other finite created spirits, it necessarily follows, that there is an omnipresent eternal mind, which knows and comprehends all things, and exhibits them to our view in such a manner, and according to such rules as he himself has ordained, and are by us termed the laws of nature.” (p. 64) Here Berkeley says that
It also puts limits on God’s power. According to the definition of a theistic God, God is omnipotent. If God is all powerful then he should be able to command whatever he wants but by saying that morality is independent of God would mean that God is subject to the rules of morality (Fisher, 359). All in all the main issues with the Autonomy Thesis are that it would only be reasonable if one was not considering the existence of a theistic
Christianity Worldviews Origin-Genesis 1:1 shows God creating the heavens and the earth in the beginning. Christianity affirms that “God is the infinite, personal (triune), transcendent and immanent, omniscient, sovereign and good being who created the universe.” (James Sire, The Universe Next Door, p.23, 26). To say that God is infinite is to say that He is a necessary Being and there was never a time when God did not exist. God is transcendent in that He is not part of the creation, but separate from it. However, He is also immanent, in that He cares for His creation, enough to reveal Himself to mankind.