Child, Family, and Community: Family Centered Theresa R. Moore ECE 313- Final Paper February 19, 2012 Dr. Alicia Holland-Johnson The Child in Context of Family and Community “Each child must be viewed in the context of his or her family, and each family must be viewed in the context of the community to which it belongs” (Menza-Gonzalez, 2009). Educators who have a deep-rooted respect for their students and families will use decision making skills to enhance the general relationship, communication, and services provided to connect and help to develop a child into a society of life long learners and citizens. “A family- centered approach takes the individual child and the group of children out of the spotlight and instead focuses on the children within their families. That means that parent involvement isn’t something the teacher does in addition to the program for children, but that the program includes the family as an integral, inseparable, part of the child’s education and socialization. Families, along with their children, are the program” (Menza-Gonzalez, 2009).
socialization sis the process where and individual learns the norms, values, customs and ideologies, providing them with skills and habits necessary for participating with their own society. socialization comes under two parts, primary and secondary socialization. primary socialization occurs during childhood, in the first few stages of an individuals life and is often taught through the family. secondary socialization is taught through different agents, such as media, peer groups, schools, and government. there are different theories that have different ideas on socialization.
Along with an area of learning someone has, there is also what type of language a person uses. One type is personal invention; the way the person believes the language should be said. A second type is social convention; the way the language is said in society. This paper will also explore how a student’s language changed from personal invention to that of social convention. ZPD EXPERIENCE AND STUDENT INVENTIONS TO CONVENTIONS 3 Zone of Proximal Development Experience Success and Student Example of Change of Oral Language from Personal Inventions to Social Conventions Learning begins as soon as a person is born.
Assess the usefulness of functionalist theory to an understanding of society as a functional unit. Functionalism is a consensus theory, it sees society as based on agreement among people about values, goals and rules in society, the job of the family is primary socialization. The family introduces norms and values to children, who carry these on to later years, where they are reinforced by religion and education. These norms and values allow people to move up the social hierarchy. For example, children are taught to conform by the family and education, which allows them to conform to the rules of wider society and become aware of what, is socially acceptable.
They are constantly changing according to the time and place. Sociologists say that through socialisation the norms and values of society are internalised. There are two kinds of socialisation. The first is primary socialisation which happens during early childhood usually with parents. Children are taught simple skills, knowledge, norms and values of our society.
Depending on your personal achievement will determine how well you do. He expresses his feelings that schools prepares children from moving on from family to society and how society is meritocratic likewise within education. However as functionalists see education as society and schools based on
3.2 Explain the reasons children and young peoples development may not follow the expected pattern. there are many reasons which may cause a child or young persons development not to follow the expected pattern. These factors may be external or personal and can include disability, emotional influence, physical influences, environmental influences, social influences, learning needs and communication skills. Disability. this could be a physical or learning disability.
Piaget’s focus on the process of the child thinking promoted the development of the stages of cognitive development. Teachers use the stages in today’s classroom as a way to gauge a child’s cognitive functioning. This permits the development of activities and learning experiences that are at the correct cognitive development stage for the child’s ability to learn. Piaget recognised that children must be self-initiated and actively involved in learning activities. A current application of this concept today can be found, many of the
My Experience with Erikson's Identity vs. Role Confusion Stage Erik Erikson made himself famous by studying and describing psychological growth from infancy through old age. From this we were able to understand how to teach and instruct every level of education from preschool through adult education and it portrayed how people develop psychologically through understanding and dealing with everyday experiences. One of Erikson's stages of psychological development is his identity versus role confusion stage, which is described in ages twelve through eighteen or in easier terms, the middle school through high school years. In this stage, it is important for a teenager to develop the roles and skills that will prepare ones’ self to take a meaningful place in adult society. It is from this that one will find him or herself forming an identity, knowing who they are, or being stuck in role confusion and not being able to establish solidity in their lives.
From a reading of Bourdieu’s ‘The Forms of Capital’, it is clear that young people’s educational experiences are shaped by the various forms of Capital. Taking into account the generalised forms of Capital, namely; Cultural Capital, Social Capital and Economic Capital, we can study how each form of Capital effects the upbringing and personality of the young individual, especially from an educational point of view. In my personal experience, the family I had and the area I grew up in provided the Social Economic and Cultural Capital I needed to receive my good education. Cultural Capital. My Cultural Capital existed in both the embodied state and the objectified state.