Critically Analyse Cesare Beccaria Overall Philosophy of Crime and Punishment.

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Critically analyse Cesare Beccaria overall philosophy of crime and punishment. To say that life in most European countries was devastating prior 19th century would be gross understatement. As pointed out by Hoggard (2013), it was horrifying to live in the region because of violence, religious intolerance and injustice that characterized most societies. Maybe not the worst, but it is beyond doubt that abominable condition of criminal justice system was the major contributing factor. The criminal system was harsh and biased towards those perceived as less privileged groups in the European societies. The nobles and monarchs were given unfair privilege and hereditary rights. Additionally, the legal system was characterized by superstition, something which attracted the attention of great philosophers and thinkers who came up with different theories. (Void et al 2002).The aim of this essay is to analyze Beccaria’s overall philosophy of crime and punishment. Cesare Beccaria or Marchese Cesare Beccaria-Bonensa, was one of the greatest philosophers during the Enlightenment Age in the 18th century. He is also considered to be the founding ‘father’ of criminology (burke 2014), Beccaria was born on March 1738 in Milan, Italy. He was born in an Aristocratic family as his father was an aristocrat from Austrian Habsburg Empire, but he was among the few who earned modest income, upon his father’s death Cesare inherited his title. Beccaria attended Jesuit School in Parma, Italy. He questioned the existing educational system in the country. (Cesare Beccaria 2015). He went to school at the time when the education system was oppressive and fanatical of development of person’s feelings. This situation frustrated Beccaria, but he performed exemplary well. Showing a great aptitude to mathematics, however After Jesuit School, Beccaria chose a different direction attending the
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