Siddhartha found out that every living thing inevitable sufferings. The only way to escape from suffering is to reach nirvana, to have a peaceful mind and fully understanding. Which literally means “extinct.” He found that no matter how some people prayed for the “God,” the God seemed to have done nothing for the people. The suffering cannot be avoided by just praying to god. So we’ll have to escape the sufferings ourselves.
Evan Polinsky History 9.22 The purpose of life in Hinduism is to have a good karma and to reach Moksha. Hinduism believes in a caste system. In its caste system the most important people are the priest followed by warriors, then merchants and artisans, then farmers, and lastly the untouchables. They believe that during your lifetime you cannot go up or down in the caste system, and that all you are supposed to do is complete your dharma, which is your role in life. If when you die your karma, which is the total of good and bad of your life, is closer to good than bad than you will be reincarnated a level up in the caste system and vice versa.
On one hand you have the philosophers who believe you can speak and write about God, because God is reality. On the other hand, are the Logical Positivists who claim that statements about God have no meaning because they don’t relate to anything that is real. There are a number of philosophers who claimed to have proven conclusively that religious language is meaningful, for example Aquinas’ theory of analogy. An analogy is an attempt to explain the meaning of something which is difficult to understand and forming relations through attributes or relations that are similar. Aquinas rejected univocal and equivocal language when talking about God.
Hence, the goal is to obtain release. In Buddhism, this means abandoning the false sense of self so that the bundle of memories and impulses disintegrates, leaving nothing to reincarnate and hence nothing to experience pain. Samsara: Samsara is the name we use for the cycle of birth, life, death, and rebirth. Some think it is the opposite of Nirvana. Within Buddhism, samsara is defined as the continual repetitive cycle of birth, death, and bardo that arises from ordinary beings' grasping and fixating on a self and experiences.
Flew argued that religious believers don’t allow any evidence to account against their beliefs therefore Flew comes to the conclusion that religious language is meaningless. Flew uses John Wisdom’s parable of the gardener, in which there are two explorers they come across a clearing. One believes that a gardener is responsible for the clearing and the other one doesn't. There is no evidence for the believers claim however he still believes that a gardener is responsible by changing his hypothesis, the gardener is invisible. Just like a religious believer who states “god loves us” but can’t explain the contradiction of evil in the world, believers qualify their statements by explaining god’s love is not like humans love he calls this “death by a thousand qualifications”.
They attempt to lose their individuality in the infinite ocean of God’s being. Achievement come through love and devotion to god, not through reason. This type of yoga is the path of God through experiments on the body and the mine Jainism does not belief in the creator of god. Jainism acknowledge a three tier universe(upper,middle, and lower world).The universe is eternal and
Hinduism recognizes the Vedas as the most ancient and authoritative body of religious literature. They are the foundational scriptures common to all branches of Hinduism. Many say that Buddhism is a philosophy rather than a religion. One of the reasons for this is that worship is not directed towards a God or a creator. Buddhists are more concerned with the road to enlightenment, a state of being.
The absence of the self denotes the lack of an ego which an individual can truly call “I” or “myself” in reality, that an individual should not be seen as a consistent and permanent entity. Rather, the Buddha teaches that the concept of “I” is true in the conventional reality3, but in the ultimate reality, individual constantly undergoes change, experiences the metaphorical death and rebirth endlessly in one’s lifetime in the process of becoming a different individual with different traits, physical or mental, and upon physical death takes on a prominently different set of conditions according to the individual’s karma in the previous life through samara. Therefore Buddhism rejects the concept of a permanent soul in living beings, yet it does not believe that a being is annihilated at death.
The goal of Hinduism is to gain freedom from the cycle of birth, death and reincarnation to attain salvation. Salvation is attained by good deeds and righteousness. Hinduism played a major role in the development of many world class religions, one of them being Buddhism. Buddhism originated in India and was founded by Gautama Buddha. Buddhism incorporates a variety of practices intended to aid the journey to enlightenment and bring blessings towards yourself and others.
In the first principle, it is evident that he is referencing his own beliefs about the existence of God. He believes his idea of God manifest as an object of his understanding, and that a perfect being such as God, could have only been placed through the act of nature itself. He also felt that believing in God is more reason and logic, than revelation or tradition (Skirry, 2008). Descartes believed that if there was indeed a God; God was not at all interested in interfering with human affairs (Sayre, 2011). In addition, he also believed that God lacked any resemblance of human character.