Islam and Judaism Islam is the in Allah as God, the creator of all and the one that has no equal. In Arabic, Islam means “submission” and “peace”. They believe in complete submission of your will to Allah for peace and blessings. Muslim is the name of the followers of Islam. Islam was founded in Mecca, Saudi Arabia by the Prophet Adam.
There are five major obligations for Muslims: testimony of faith, prayer, giving zakat, fasting in the month of Ramadan, and the pilgrimage to the Mecca. These are similar to Jewish commandments and traditions (Wikipedia). Faith is the foundation for the Abrahamic religions. Islam’s “Testimony of faith” calls for to declaire: "There is no true god but Allah, and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah." As shown by the first part of this statement, it is important to Muslims that only Allah is to be worshiped (Nosotro).
These teachings are parallel to the teachings in the Bible. According to Exodus 20:2, God says, “I am the lord, your God, who brought you out from the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery and thus, you shall have no other gods but Me” (Naqvi 28). The Holy Koran and the Holy Bible also shares some similarities on their teachings about the remembrance of God. They both command their followers to remember God in all phases, try to get closer to Him and submit themselves to His service. According to Quran 2: 112, whoever submits his whole self to Allah and is a doer of good, will get a reward from Allah; on such they shall have no fear, nor shall they grieve.
Muslims practice the five pillars of Islam, which are required acts of worship. The five pillars of Islam are basic guidelines for everyday life. The Muslim Allah created everything and he is a personal god. Muslims also believe in angels, and that they are like gods “messengers”. They also believe that angels take your spirit at the time of your death.
The first one as stated by Ibrahim is the belief in “one, unique, incomparable God” (45). The belief in angels is the belief that these honoured creatures worship God alone, obey Him, and act only by His command (47). The belief in God’s revealed books is the belief that God revealed books to His messengers as proof and guidance for them. Belief in the prophets and messengers of God means believing in all the prophets and messengers of God and that Prophet Muhammad P.B.U.H is the last messenger of God. Belief in the Day of Judgement is the belief that all people will be resurrected for God’s judgement according to their beliefs and deeds.
Critical Thinking Assignment Critical Thinking Assignment Billy L Goe Apologetics 104-B35 Professor Obaina September 25, 2012 Critical Thinking Assignment 1 Part One: The Question of Origin The Quran states that "Allah created the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them, in six days" (7:54). While on the surface this might seem similar to the account related in the Bible, there are some important distinctions. After completing the Creation, the Quran describes that Allah "settled Himself upon the Throne" (57:4) to oversee His work. A distinct point is made to counter the Biblical idea of a day of rest: "We created the heavens and the earth and all that is between them in six days, nor did any sense of weariness touch Us" (50:38). Allah is never "done" with His work, because the process of creation is ongoing.
A synonym name for Islam is called a Muslim. Muslims believe that God is one and it cannot be contrasted to anything or created by anyone and the purpose of existence in life is to love and serve God. Muslims also believe that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primary faith that was revealed at many times and places before, including through Abraham, Moses and Jesus, whom they considered as prophets. They maintain that previous messages and revelations have been partially changed or corrupted over time, but consider the Qur'an to be both the unaltered and the final revelation of God. Judaism is the religion, philosophy and way of life of the Jewish people.
| One God (Arabic: Allah), who is not a trinity. The Islamic view of God is called strict Monotheism (Quran 112:1). | One God (known in English as 'Yahweh' or 'Jehovah') - "...Hear Israel, the Lord is our God, the Lord is one." (Deuteronomy 6:4). | Holy Book(s) | The Bible (from the Greek:Biblos, 'books'), given by God to man.
Shahadah: This is the belief of all Muslims that Allah is one, he is the only god, and Muhammad (PBUH) is his messenger. This meaning that Allah is a unique being and that Muhammad is Allah’s greatest prophet; 2. Salat (Prayer): This is the physical act of worship. Muslim’s are expected to pray five times a day facing towards Mecca. This depicts Muslim’s submission to Allah.
Followers of the Christian faith believe that Jesus is the Messiah, so it's doctrine is based on the life and teachings of Jesus. These scriptures are referred to as the New Testament- which explains the concepts of faith, hope and love. The Islamic religion considers Abraham as the founder of monotheism, and recognizes Moses, Jesus and many others as prophets. Islam also has it's own set of laws which is known as the Five Pillars of Faith. It consists of 5 obligations a person has to do in order to convert into a Muslim, declaring your faith and devotion.