Critical Examination Of Validity, Reliability And Essay

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Critical Examination of Validity, Reliability and Research Ethics Introduction The discussion over how best researches represent reality and how such intellectual exercise should be trusted have formed fundamental discussions and debates in human society. From the early days up till today, researches are being transformed into theories that later informed policy decisions by governments and organisations. What this means is that research has been a trusted intellectual exercise which now form a guiding light for top decision making Because of this ‘trust’ status, it becomes more important to safeguard the integrity of the research process by upholding its ethics, hence the need for basic research-related concepts like validity, reliability etc which are the basic task of this essay. Therefore, this essay will do a good discussion on the key issues in scholarly research which are: validity; reliability; scholarly research ethics; analysing and synthesising. These concepts shall now be critical examined and discussed in turn in this essay as demanded. Critical examination of Validity According to the Encarta Dictionary, Validity can be defined as “Justifiable: having a solid foundation or justification”. In other words, validity can be said to be the degree to which a research actually fulfils its initial goals, aims and objectives. In another sense, validity could be said to be the degree to which a research seeks to answer the research questions it promises to unravel in the research. It is about whether you are doing what you promised to do. For instance, if a researcher wants to know reasons why students don’t pay their school fees, the research becomes valid if it’s able to come out with the reasons using scientific approach. Validity is all about measuring the fulfilment of set objectives of a research. In other words, “does the research

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