Upon release, Malcolm X rapidly gained prominence in the Nation of Islam and traveled the United States, founding new mosques in many cities. During his travels, he became acquainted with public speaking while trying to gain converts, and advocated for a black uprising. Unintentionally gaining more attention than the founder himself, Malcolm gained the position of National Minister, only to have a falling out with the Nation of Islam after a scandal and disagreement on how to best draw in black support. After the falling out, he founded Muslim Mosque, Inc., an organization that calls on all African-Americans, regardless of religion, to help take a stand against white racism. In his autobiography, Malcolm X continued his controversial, yet honest arguments.
Rhetorical Analysis Martin Luther King’s “Letter from the Birmingham Jail”, published in 1964 in his own book Why We Can’t Wait, addresses and explains his current situation to the clergymen of Alabama. On April 12, 1963 Dr. King was arrested in the streets of Birmingham, Alabama for contempt of court and parading without a permit during a protest. He composed this letter while he sat in the Birmingham Jail. Dr. King begins his letter by addressing the clergymen’s statements of his actions as “unwise and untimely”. He informs the clergymen of his views and the reasons for his “direct action” on the issue of desegregation.
King also fought for the civil rights of blacks, like, right to vote, labor rights, etc. These rights were incorporated with the enactment of the Civil Rights Act, 1964 and the Voting Rights Act, 1965. Another substantial achievement of Martin Luther was in the Birmingham campaign, which aimed at promoting civil rights for African-Americans. The campaign was directed to mark an end to preferential and segregated civil and economic policies. Martin Luther, along with other prominent leaders were instrumental in organising the March on Washington in 1963.The march helped to pass the Civil
Yet, peaceful protests alone could not have achieved such success; factors such as federal intervention played a vital role in the achievement of success also. One example of how peaceful protest led to success in the name of civil rights was the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Starting in 1955 and lasting a whole year it drew attention to the inequalities in Montgomery. This campaign demonstrates the growth of Martin Luther King who represented peaceful protests as a whole, with his famous peaceful philosophy and clever tactics; one of these being creating elaborate protests to draw attention to the issues faced by blacks. The boycott bought 85% of the black community in Montgomery together and led to the establishment of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) by King which continued to campaign for desegregation.
Throughout his career, King was involved in a number of campaigns including Birmingham 1963, Selma 1965 and the Meredith March 1966, some of which were more successful than others. King was criticised for a number of his campaigns, such as Albany 1961, Birmingham 1963, and Chicago 1966, these criticisms were due to the methods used, or the outcome of the campaigns. Two campaigns which stand out as great successes are the Montgomery Bus Boycott, 1955 and the March on Washington, 1963. The Montgomery Bus Boycott of 1955 was King’s first major success in his career. In an attempt to desegregate buses throughout the south, a challenge against segregation was needed.
Documentary Film Analysis Freedom Riders The Freedom Riders of 1961 was sent to test desegregation by court decisions in Alabama. This decision of the courts was to desegregate interstate transportation facilities. King was now involved in this campaign. Social reaction resulted in violence. The Freedom Riders faced mob violence as they traveled from Atlanta to Montgomery.
Firstly, Martin Luther King’s campaigns for desegregation were mainly a success. The Montgomery bus boycott was King’s first major success; he became the leader of the civil rights movement after giving a spell bounding speech in a church where the boycott meeting was held. The end result of the 382 day campaign was the bus company and the city authorities finally accepting a Supreme Court decision (Browder v Gayle) that bus segregation was unconstitutional. As well as this, the lunch counter sit-ins in 1960 led to the desegregation of public facilities in cities all over the South. Furthermore success of the Birmingham campaign in 1961 and the March on Washington in 1963 (including the significant “I have a dream” speech) led to the passage of the landmark Civil Rights Act in 1964 and perhaps marked the high point of King’s career.
Analyse the Effectiveness of methods used in Martin Luther Kings “I had a dream” speech. In the 1960’s black people where treated badly because of the colour of their skin. Martin Luther King realised this and believe discrimination against black people wasn’t right. He wrote a speech which was heard all over the world. He uses many techniques, of which, I think allusion and repetition is most effective.
On August 23, 1963, Martin Luther King Jr., who had always been struggled for the freedom and resistance of racial discrimination, stood in front of Lincoln Memorial and gave a famous speech “I Have a Dream” to 25 million people to fight for their human rights. In Dr. Martin Luther King’s speech, he played multiple Talk Cards such as a compatriot of Negro, a father of four children, a believer, and a normal citizen that wish for the right to vote. Using different cards can raise more resonance from the audience and make people feel more involve in a speech. I think Dr. King could have also played a card as a leader that can help Negros to overcome the difficulties and lead them to a brighter future where the United State is a place full of freedom and justice. I think this was a smart move because the speech could comfort the citizens and make them realize that they should stand up and fight for themselves.
As a leader of the American civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s, Martin Luther King argues for the urgency of changing segregation laws. In his “Letter from Birmingham Jail,” it addresses the public statement made by the Eight Alabama Clergymen. King effectively proves that his demonstration in Alabama was not “unwise and untimely” as his fellow clergyman has stated through the use of sentence structures, an anaphora, and some metaphors. To demonstrate his desperation for change, King stresses on the amount of time the Africans in the United States had waited through a well-planned use of sentence structures. He repeats “wait” in paragraph 13 to build up tension and to place more emphasis to the word.