With these improvements comes the fact that our prisons are too small for the amount of people that are being put in jail, this includes county, state, as well as federal. We can also blame our overpopulation on the fact that crime rates fluctuate such as what we are seeing in our country now. With a bad economy comes more crime, people get desperate in times of need and will do whatever it takes to put food on the table or pay the bills to have a roof over their heads. Another negative aspect of overpopulating our prison system is the fact that the tax payer gets stuck with the larger bills to house these inmates. Overcrowding of our prisons is a bad situation that will continue to get worse unless our government figures out a solution.
Topic: Overcrowding in prison General Purpose: To Persuade/Visual Aid Specific Purpose: The overcrowding of prisoner has been a issue since the early 1700 century, and as of March 1, 2012 United State currently has the world’s largest prison population of 2.2 million people incarcerated. Stated by the Sentencing Project, a research and advocacy for reform. Introduction: But before I start, I want to make it clear this is not a position offering sympathy to the criminals locked-up. Our judicial-system convicts people that need to be and deserve to be taken away from the general population and imprisoned .However, overcrowding is perhaps one of the biggest challenges facing the American prison system. Prison became the biggest profit making industry in this country.
In prior decades, there were few federal crimes and a few criminals sentenced to federal prison but that was changed after the Civil War. The numbers began to grow and then the issues of overcrowding started to occur. As time passed, more institutions were built in several states and began to house offenders on a federal level. The federal was looked at as stricter than the state level. In this day that feeling remains.
Economics of Life in Prison verses Death Row Lisa Baker Three Rivers College Abstract This paper handles the large and unpredicted adverse effect to county budgets imposed by the presence of capital crime trials verses life in prison. The first agenda is to understand the real frequency of the cost of capital convictions, and second is to discover the effects of local economic concern on the level and distribution of public spending and revenues. Trials are costly to county budgets and are carried in part by reducing expenses on highways and police and a large part by increasing our taxes. Each trial causes an increase in county spending by 1.8% and an increase in county revenues of 1.6%, indicating an increase of more than $1.6 billion in both expenses and revenues between 1982 and 1997. The conclusion of this paper states where I stand in view of what I learned.
The imprisonment rate in the United States is ridiculous. People are being incarcerated for petty crimes that do not even deserve the time to sit in prison. The more people that are put into jail, the more money the government has to pay for criminal enforcemen Statistics According to author, Christopher Innes in Corrections Today magazine, “Many people believe that the American Correctional system has become a Hummer – more than America needs and increasingly more than it can afford” (The Simple Solution For Reducing Correctional Costs, 02-2010). In other words, America is spending more money on supervision and incarceration for inmates and former inmates when they really do not have the necessary funds to do so. In 1980, there were 1.84 million people under some form of correctional observation, 30 years later, more than 7.5 million people were incarcerated, and that was a 5.66 million difference.
The first cost arises from the number of prisons that have been built across the nation to accommodate the booming number of inmates. The second cost comes from the amount it takes per year to house a prisoner, which he estimates at around $30,000 (Barnet, 192). It is mentioned, and I would have to agree, that the costs to society would be much higher if we turned inmates loose instead of caging them up. The overpopulation of prisons is something that is reiterated throughout the news. If we as a nation could come up with a solution to this problem, it would be
With promises to provide additional facilities, more secure facilities, more jobs and better jobs while reducing government spending, privatization looked as though it might be a viable solution. However, after decades of research and study on the privatization of prisons there has been an emergence of issues and arguments related to privatization, both positive and negative. Proponents of Privatization Perhaps the most influential reason for state and federal governments to privatize prisons
Alternatives to Incarceration Paper Abdul-Haffiz Jallo-Jamboria Introduction to Corrections CRMJ/400 Instructor C. Vigil Introduction It is common knowledge that when there are many people, there can be many problems. Some say that prison violence is a result of a number of factors such as the ages of the prisoners and so on but we cannot ignore the impact of prison overcrowding. “Prison overcrowding is one of the most challenging problems faced by criminal justice systems worldwide” (Prison Overcrowding, 2007). Although not everyone is in jail this does not mean that we are not all affected by this problem. “When prison environments become unduly painful, they also become harmful, and prisoners carry the effects or consequences of that harm back into the society once they have been released “(Haney, 2009).
Purpose and History of Penitentiaries Your Name CJA/234 Date Instructor Penitentiaries, as well as the entire criminal justice system, has gone through many changes over hundreds of years. The focus of corrections has gone from revenge to reform. Even today, penitentiaries are changing based on the results of imprisonment, with attempts to deter criminal behavior. Today's penitentiaries are much more humane than prisons from hundreds of years ago, but there is still controversy regarding the human rights of inmates and prison labor. Prisons in the 1600's and 1700's were very unsanitary and inhumane.
Throughout most of the twentieth century, the dominant philosophies have been incapacitation, deterrence, and retribution. Prison overcrowding is one of the major global issues that we are facing today. Overcrowding is a major problem in the United States; however some countries have it worse than what we see, for example, Australia, Russia, Brazil, and most Asian countries see overcrowded prisons as a problematic issue. Housing more inmates in a cell than what it is designed for is common in the United States and anywhere else overcrowding is present. The average prison cell built today is at least 70 square feet, but only about 60 square feet are usable, resulting in only about 30 square feet of available space per prisoner if double celled (bop.gov) Since overcrowding is a major issue facing today’s prisons, it is sad to see that California’s prisons have the most overcrowded conditions, conditions so bad that it has been deemed a violation of the prisoners Eighth Amendment Right (the right against cruel and unusual punishment) To combat this problem, the Unites States Supreme Court has issued release of California inmates, in order to control the issue of overcrowding.