Critical Analysis

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INTRODUCTION: The incorporation of critical analysis in research studies is one important step that brings evidence into practice (Burns et al, 2007). The quantitative research to be critiqued is a cohort study conducted in public clinics that looks into “Group prenatal care and preterm birth weight” (Ickovics et al, 2003). In this particular research some of the areas that may be looked at critically will involve the following; Ethical Consideration: The design of the study was created in such a way that minimizes the risks to subjects. As a non experimental study, it was geared to look into the efficacy of a study that is currently in progress without variable manipulation. By Rochon et al in 2005, this has been known to reduce the risk linked with (Rochon et al, 2005). The shortcoming of the researchers in this aspect is the failure to apply measures that will increase the benefits for subjects. No mention was made on how the researchers obtained informed consents from the subjects and at what time. Nonetheless, the authors pointed out that step to keep subjects anonymous were adopted. But all the information needed to select the cohort with the exception for the patient identification information was selected to matched cohort for the study. Hypothesis: There is complexity in the hypothesis of this research as it attempts to predicts the connection between two variables that are independent (gestational age and birth weight) to one independent variable (provision of group prenatal care). As the study is geared to predicting the interrelation between the gestational age, prenatal care and birth weight, it can be referred to as a hypothesis that is directional in which case the researcher is said to have an intellectual commitment to the outcome with possible bias (Polit et al, 2008). Evidence of a sound literature and theoretical basis are the fundamentals on

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