Family Systems Tools Report Learning Team D: Julie Lynn Carswell, Brandee Lopez, Chanda Jean Louis, and Toni Taylor BSHS/312 April 24, 2011 Cheryl Ritter Introduction – Chanda Jean-Louis There are a number of appropriate system techniques or tools that therapists professionals use when helping a client. These system techniques are reframing, boundary setting, sculpting, genogram, multi-generation transmission and power gram, which help to facilitate change and break dysfunctional patterns. Each technique has its own approach and the therapists would need to know some things about the client to know which approach would best be beneficial for their client. These tools help the therapists find out how each member of the family sees the problem and to form first impressions of the family’s functioning. Reframing – Brandee Lopez Reframing is a tool used “to facilitate change and break dysfunctional patterns” (Parrott, 2003, p. 378).
In the mini-lecture by Dr. Sue he states, “MCT can be defined as both a helping role and process that uses modalities and defines goals, consistent with the life experiences and cultural values of clients.” He also states that MCT involves broadening the role that counselors plays and therefore need to play multiple roles that involve not only the traditional role but systems intervention as well. It is important to avoid a blind application of techniques to all situations and all populations. Another important role is building a therapeutic alliance using empathy, positive regard, respect, warmth and genuineness, self-disclosure, management of counter transference and agreement on goals between the counselor and client (Sue & Sue, 2013) What is the significance of a client's social and cultural context within MCT? Multicultural therapy balances the individualism approach with the collective approach and acknowledges families, significant others, communities and cultures (Sue & Sue, 2013). In MCT the client’s social and cultural background is of importance.
I found that using certain skills such as paraphrasing, reflecting feelings, summarising, challenging and asking open questions to explore options were required to form a therapeutic alliance between my client and me. Despite using these skills effectively, certain situations evoked anxiety during the session. Hovarth and Symonds (1994) believe teamwork between therapists and client is the key element of a therapeutic alliance. It provides a safe environment for clients to explore themselves, a relationship where the client’s key issues are explored,
Sometimes clients come to therapy were the counsellor will know little or nothing about the condition the client has. Research in this case may be a form of invaluable guidance to the counsellor in terms of providing a “default therapeutic stance” upon on the initial encounter. Although research in counselling can only tell us possibility of something happening, Cooper (2008) points out that this knowledge can be priceless when there is nothing else to refer to. Research in counselling can also be beneficial to the counsellor in terms of helping the counsellor to gain an understanding of therapy from the client’s perspective. Cooper (2008) points out that research gathered on the clients experience of counselling may challenge the “assumptions and expectations” that counsellors possess on
In doing so, this will raise my knowledge and awareness, of the person-centred model and other models used within counselling. I feel it is important, to have a solid theory foundation of all the counselling models, methods or techniques and the reasons a chosen model, would inform the practice of a qualified counsellor, before attempting to use them. I hope to discover the value, similarities and differences of these models in more depth and where they can be effective in the counselling environment. Origins of Person-centred Counselling. The beginnings of person-centred approaches can be attributed to the work of an American psychologist Carl
Aman Sangha! 3121185111 EDUF 3031: Professional Statement ! The unit of study ‘Positive Approaches to Special Education’ has given me the opportunity to reflect on my practices as a pre-service teacher and how well they incorporate an inclusive approach to education. Although I have not come across children with additional needs in my practicums, inclusion has been an hidden agenda within my goals and practices. Inclusion and inclusive education are quite broad in definition, however with the support of this unit my professional understanding of inclusion has been formed by research and practices such as all student engagement, asking the question how?
On the other hand I am going to discuss how learning the person centred approach has affected my personal and work life in a positive way. The first core condition is called congruence; it can also be described as realness or genuineness. ‘it has been found that personal change is facilitated when the psychotherapist is what he is,
Lawrence Crabb claims that the goal of counseling should be psychological and spiritual maturity. Counselors should also seek to assist their clients in reaching their full potential for a life of service. He explains that this accomplished through the counseling relationship. This relationship will vary from client to client. Despite the variations amongst all individuals, Crabb believed that it is important to “abstract a game plan” (Crabb, 1986, p.149) which can be applied to a wide range of situations.
I began to love me and know that I am wonderful being who I am and most of all being real with myself. My experience has taught me that becoming an effective counselor; you will make some decisions that are good and not so good all in the desire to help others. At this stage of my career and with the help of my educational journey I have learned and still learning to first nurture myself and use techniques along with tools to met the participants where he or she is at. Most of all it is essential to institute a cooperative relationship and to create and sustain consistent but flexible
I have a fear of failing because I think too much of it instead of taking deep breathes and have positive thoughts that I can do this if I put my mind to it. My professional goal is to become a early childhood development teacher. I chose this career because I love working with children all ages. I feel that with my personality being social, I can interact with kids and/or people in my professional career and also in my personal life. Also if there ever come a time when I have to deal with a child when they are being rude, I would have to be patient with the child and also try to get the child to trust me.