Criminology Module 1 Homework

418 Words2 Pages
1. The role of criminological research in theory building is that the construction of theories allows for a better understanding of criminal behavior and helps develop strategies to address the problem of crime. 2. Theories can help us understand criminal behavior or design strategies because theories help us to understand patters and predict or understand a person’s behavior. 3. Research and experimentation help to support a theory or prove that it has no foundation. The threats to internal validity include, history, maturation, testing, instrumentation, statistical regression, differential selection and experimental mortality. The threats to external validity include, reactive effects of testing, self-selection, reactive effects of experimental arrangements and multiple-treatment interference. To control or eliminate these threats, controlled experiments are done. 4. The quantitative method is a research technique the produces measureable results that can be analyzed statistically. The qualitative method of research produces subjective results or results that are difficult to quantify. With the qualitative method, there is more room for interpretation. A disadvantage of the qualitative method is that the findings are not expressed numerically. An advantage might be that it does provide another set of potentially useful research tools. 5. Some of the ethical considerations that are involved when conduction criminological research are data confidentiality and informed consent. Data confidentiality protects the confidentiality of individual research participants while preserving justified research access to needed information provided by the participants. Informed consent means that the subjects or participants are informed as to the nature of the research, their role in the research, and what will be done with the research. 6. There is a hope
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