Week 2 Candice S. Brooks Instructor: Dr. Nwokoji 4007676 American Public University System CMRJ531 June 16, 2013 The profession of criminal profiling/ offender profiling is defined as a series of investigative techniques used to assess the characteristics of an unknown criminal offender (Devery, 2010). Criminal profiling is based upon the premise that a criminal’s personality and mannerisms actually dictate their daily behaviour as well as their criminal actions. After crime scene evidence is evaluated, the criminal profiler pieces together the information that is known from past criminal acts to include personality traits and behaviours of other criminals who have committed similar acts. The profiler can actually construct a profile by using a description of the characteristics in the suspect. These practices often lead to locating suspects, yet they are still often scrutinized in the media and cause a great deal of controversy.
2. How can theories help us to understand criminal behavior? To design strategies intended to control such behavior? By definition a theory is a series of interrelated propositions that attempt to describe, explain, predict, and ultimately control some class of events. A theory gains explanatory power from inherent logical consistency and is “tested” by how well it describes and predicts reality General Theory: A theory that attempts to explain all (or at least most) forms of criminal conduct through a single, overarching approach.
Contrast the functionalist and conflict theories of crime. The functionalist would argue that those who transgress are usually dealt with by the law and that order is restored. The conflict theorist would argue that the law enforcement system perpetuates the inequalities and would give the example of how many white-collar crimes go unpunished. Read more: http://www.ehow.com/how_8586125_compare-contrast-functionalist-conflict-theories.html#ixzz2iJlpn5zx Contrast the functionalist and conflict theories of crime. The functionalist would argue that those who transgress are usually dealt with by the law and that order is restored.
Risk assessment is used to predict future crimes and criminal behaviors; it also analyzes the likelihood of an offender committing an offense. The purpose of this paper is to identify two standardized assessment that can predict criminal behaviors and differentiate between each assessment. The two assessments that I chose are actuarial and clinical assessment. Risk assessment, focuses on the structural method used in the actuarial data and structured test and rating instrument. Actuarial assessment is the data collected, in the used to gathered and entered into the pre-existing equation (Otto, 2000).
Format your presentation consistent with APA guidelines. Option 2: Personal Crimes Analysis Matrix Create a matrix to complete your personal crimes analysis. Include the following: • Differentiate between assault, battery, and mayhem. • Identify and explain kidnapping and false imprisonment. • Compare and contrast between rape and statutory rape.
CRJ 110 Introduction to Criminology CRJ 110 – Module 1 Homework Assignment PART I: SHORT RESPONSE 1. What is the role of criminological research in theory building? Criminology is the study of why individuals commit crimes. Knowing why a person commits a crime can help find ways to control the crime and locate the offender. 2.
What is the role of criminological research in theory building? · Criminology is defined as, An interdisciplinary profession built around the scientific study of crime and criminal behavior, including their manifestations, causes, legal aspects, and control. Criminology examines the causes of crime and seeks ways to prevent or control it. To explain and understand crime, criminologists have had to developed many theories. Theories attempt to provide us with explanatory power and help us understand the phenomenon under study.
Conclusion Prosecutors, defense attorneys, criminals, and victims are placed together to deal with a given crime. Victimization concerns each position in different ways and must be individually considered. The goals of sentencing differ somewhat between each position. Alternative sanctions are often recognized when a criminal offender is sentenced. Ongoing assessments of victims' rights and the continousl improvement of such are imperative.
Victims and Crime Evaluation Victims and Crime Evaluation From the dawn of human civilization aggression, violence, and mayhem have supported two positions pertaining to confrontation. The first position is the aggressors position. The second is the victims position. Within this writing the concept of the victim will be identified along with the history and significance of victims assistance programs. The purposes of victims assistance programs and the programs functions as applied to the criminal justice system will also be examined, dissected, and highlighted.
First I would like to start by giving a brief definition of what or better said – how, criminology differs from victimology. Criminology is more concerned with the origin of crime along the extent and nature of crime. Criminology places an emphasis on studying the offender, the crimes, and the motives behind the crime. It is also the study of how the public and criminal justice system responds to the offender. Victimology plays a very important role in criminology and is used to determine what the victim’s behavior has to do with their risk of being victimized.