Criminalistics Essay

489 WordsMar 9, 20122 Pages
1 What was Francis Henry Galton's major contribution to forensic science? Francis Galton conducted the first definitive study of fingerprints and their classification. In 1892, Galton published his textbook Finger Prints, this book served as the first book that went into detail of the anatomy of fingerprints. Galton assigned fingerprints to three pattern types; loops, arches, and whorls. The book also demonstrated one important fact, that no two fingerprints are identical. (Saferstein, Forensic Science from the Crime Scene to the Crime Lab) Who is known as "the father of forensic toxicology" and why? The father of forensic toxicology is Mathieu Orfila. In 1814 Orfila published the first comprehensive work on forensic toxicology. He researched the detection of poisons and their effects on animals. (Saferstein, Forensic Science from the Crime Scene to the Crime Lab) Name two major contributions to forensic science made by Hans Gross. Hans Gross spent many years studying and developing principles of criminal investigation. In 1893 Hans Gross created the first treatise describing the application of scientific disciplines to the field of criminal investigation. He later introduced a forensic journal which reported improved methods of scientific crime detection. Gross is believed to be the creator of the field of Criminalistics. (Saferstein, Forensic Science from the Crime Scene to the Crime Lab) 2 With what area of forensic investigation are Karl Landsteiner and Leone Lattes associated? Karl Landsteiner discovered that blood can be grouped into different categories, which is now known as blood types. Leone Lattes devised a simple procedure for determining the blood group of a dried blood stain. These findings would place them in the area of Biology within forensic investigations. (Saferstein, Forensic Science from the

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