Criminal Profiling August 13, 2012 CJ230 Police operations and Administration Criminal Profiling Criminal profiling defines as the investigation of a crime with the hope of identifying the responsible party, based on crime scene analysis, investigative psychology and behavioral evidence analysis. Many claim that criminal profiling is a science or an art. Criminal profiling’s use helps law enforcement make positive evaluations. Behavioral scientists and criminologists use the criminal profiling technique to examine criminal behavior. In the future criminal profiling will go further to help investigations and help in the predictions for future actions of criminals.
Reflection/Opinion………………...…………………………………………………………pp4 9. References……………………………………………………………………………………pp5 Abstract This KGA is about Ted Bundy who was a serial killer who targeted young ladies. Mostly because he was bad with women, had jealousy and mental issues but there were other reasons. I will show how he started committing crimes and what happen to him. Background Research on Criminology Criminology is the scientific study of crime its causes and how to resolve it.
Tiffany Allen CJ 210: Criminal Investigation Professor Cindy Johnson March 3, 2013 In Today’s society there are many specific ethical considerations that need to be addressed when investigating a specific crime. In this report I will talk about Rape and Homicide. Rape is when the victim is forced to have sexual intercourse. A Homicide is a person who kills another human being. Other questions that I will also talk about are how to reduce ethical problems in an investigation, what prosecution problems could arise and what ethical issues are related to the prosecution.
The first group is sexual offenders that commit crimes of sexual violence against adults. Some may give this group name of rapist. Surprisingly this is not the classification most of these sex offenders are in. The second class of offenders is criminals who commit crimes of sexual violence against children who are not within their family group of friends. These offenders usually choose their targets at random but may be have personal preferences like gender or size.
• Quantitative evidence – recorded crime levels over time • Qualitative evidence – Interviews, observations & surveys • Increased reporting of crime (Maguire 1997) • Offenders as % population by gender & age • Area where we live – (Social Trends, 2002, pp.154-5). • Crime by ethnicity • British Crime Survey 1982 – Men/Women/age groups Conclusion: • Key point summary • Perception of crime and actual likelihood R6113606 What forms of evidence have been used by social scientists in studies of crime? Crime is interpreted in many different ways, it is therefore important to establish what the term ‘Crime’ actually means. Crime is an act that may be punishable by law, is injurious to the public and or evil. There appears to be a difference between how social scientists would look at crime and how the general public would look at crime.
The British Crime Survey also includes crimes which are not reported to the police, therefore is an important alternative to police records and provides criminologists, the police, the courts, the media and anyone else who has an interest with the statistics, two different types of data: Firstly trends on crime over time chartered, Details are compiled from offenders who are eventually found guilty or cautioned; details gathered include sex and the age of the offender. Information is gathered on the “Known offender”, in this case the “Typical offender”, (Maguire 1997). Official crime
Prison Term Paper The cause for this paper is intended to give various reasoning on what sanctions are made and the reasons for implementing them. Whether the reasoning is beyond the opinions of viewers and legislature, as a criminologist I can give my professional opinion as well as my personal opinion on what is needed to be done to reduce the crimes of armed robbery. The definition of robbery would be for Robbery would consist of one or more persons forcefully taking valuables or personals without ones permission by over powering them. While conducting research have to make a professional judgment that will better the criminal justice system. Although this new bill maybe intended to pass criminologist and legislatures need to view the outlooks of this situation and view it from different standpoints in life.
Word count : 1700 Criminal victimization and rational theories The classical approach to explain crime has always revolved around examining the personal motivations of offenders for committing crime. However, in the recent past decades researchers have focused not only on offender incentive, but also on the lifestyles and activities of those at risk of being victimized. The following article explores different risk determinants, rational choice and social control theories in an attempt to establish both victim and offender's crime circumstances. Cohen, Kluegel and Land present the opportunity model of predatory victimization perspective as a basic explanatory model for criminal victimization. In order to comprehend why race, age and income have the potential to affect criminal victimization, the authors portray five main risk factors which are: exposure, guardianship, proximity to potential offenders, attractiveness of targets and definitional properties of specific crimes.
The precise location of the crime and the map of the relationship between the places in which a series of offences took place, may relate to where the offender is living and to his past experience. Forensics are important when making a profile. For example if a rapist has been questioned previously by the police, their crimes may leave indications of this, this can be shown by some rapists who make their victims bathe to get rid of forensic evidence, so a check of police records is always worthwhile. According to Boon and Davies (1992) Canter and his colleagues identified five aspects of criminal behaviour which is very significant and revealing; the location, criminal biography, personal characteristics, domestic and social characteristics and occupational history. Another important aspect is geography, where criminals may feel comfortable committing the crime.
Holmes & Holmes (2009, p290) stated “To appraise a crime without some knowledge of the victim is certainly remiss.” The victim constitutes half of the crime therefore victimology should be heavily looked at in order to connect them to the offender (Douglas, Burgess, Burgess, & Ressler, 1992).Victimology is important to an investigation process in that, it is not just learning about the victim’s personal history and personality, but it also why the victim was chosen (Petherick, 2010). Holmes and Holmes (2009,p 291) created a list of elements which should be important to victim profiling it includes: "Physical traits, marital status, personal lifestyle, occupation, education, personal demographics, medical history, psychosexual history, court history, and last activities." A victim’s lifestyle, preferences, family, relationships, and routines, can give investigators clues about potential suspects who had access to the victim (Brown & Davenport, 2012). Other concepts that should be considered when victim profiling are the method of approach, method of attack and risk assessment (Turvey, 1999). Con, surprise, and blitz are three methods of approach that an offender will use to capture his victim.