Criminal Procedure: Juvenile Delinquency Drug Use

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Rosemary Johnson CJA/374 Criminal Procedure Instructor Glenda Rohrbach April 13, 2013 According to the Juvenile Justice Bulletin, past research explains there are common reasons for juvenile delinquency behavior. These factors could include a birth trauma, child abuse and neglect, poor parenting skills, lack of age-appropriate discipline, mental health issues, unduly peer influences, bad housing conditions, dysfunctional family life, and living in a high-crime neighborhood. These research studies are hoping to improve juvenile delinquency violence and juvenile delinquency drug use. These studies demonstrate that family environment, poor school associations, bad peer pressures, and what…show more content…
The judge takes many factors into consideration prior to the placement of the youth. The judge must consider the nature of the crime, the juvenile's past criminal history, the juvenile's mental condition and if he or she will attend a treatment program. The judge also considers if the juvenile was difficult to locate and arrest, whether the juvenile is a danger to anyone, and if his or her parent or guardian is willing to take him or her home for his or her care and supervision (Juvenile Justice Bulletin, October 1998). The Thomas O'Farrell Youth Center (TOYC) is an unlocked, staff-secure, residential juvenile program located in Woodstock, Maryland. This program is for male juveniles ages 13-18. The typical TOYC male youth is usually a repeat property offender. This particular center is not outfitted to manage sex-offenders or arsonists (Juvenile Justice Practices…show more content…
The Boys and Girls Club is very effective at reducing juvenile crime because the program can help juveniles successfully go through community reentry by identifying and connecting them with formal and informal sources of community support. Juvenile Justice Practices Series tells of examples that include volunteer mentors, with a special focus on the faith-based community, special teen pilot programs in their own neighborhood, and paid work experiences (pg. 4). The rate of Maryland juvenile detainment has declined by nearly half over a 13-year period. According to Baer, from 1997 to 2010, the rate of youth incarceration dropped 37 percent (July 23, 2010). The United States leads the industrialized world in detaining juveniles, and said that the majority of incarcerated juvenile's are held for nonviolent offenses such as truancy and low-level property crime (Maryland Transfer

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