The Overall Decrease in Juvenile Arrests Overall Review Data from 2008 shows that juvenile arrests for violent crime declined between 2006 and 2008. According to Puzzanchera (2009) “In 2008 there were 2.11 million juvenile arrests, which is 16% lower than the arrests in 1999” (p.3). In 2008 juvenile arrests for forcible rape was at an all time low since 1980, aggravated assault arrests were also at its lowest since 1988. However, juvenile arrests for murder were at its low in 2004, but increased from 2005 to 2007. Further, the Property Crime Index decreased by 20%, larceny-theft by 17%, murder by 5%, motor vehicle theft by 50%, and burglary by 14% (Puzzanchera, 2008).
In 2001, U.S. law enforcement agencies made an estimated 2.3 million arrests of persons under the age of 18 (Snyder, 2003). In spite of the eruption in violence involving juveniles in schools throughout the U.S., juvenile crime has decreased. This paper shall address the overall decrease in juvenile crime, the increase in drug offenses and simple assaults and the implications for juvenile females and minorities. In addition, assess the tracking of juvenile arrests as a method of measuring the amount of and trends in juvenile justice. Decrease in Juvenile Crime In 2001, according to the FBI, juveniles accounted for 17% of all arrests and 15% of all violent crime arrests (Snyder, 2003).
Juvenile Crime Paper Karl R. Bosman CJS/200 September 23, 2012 Reid Bagley Juvenile Crime Paper Introduction This essay states some of the differences between juvenile and adult courts. Juveniles eighteen and under have their punishment different than that of an adult unless the juvenile commits a serious crime such as murder, than the juvenile may be tried as an adult. The juvenile system looks at the punishment as a means to rehabilitate the youth. In a juvenile court, there is no jury and is closed to the public. The judge hears the case and sets forth the punishment.
The officer uses the information they have and rationalizes where the minor should go next. Depending on the situation they may just release the minor after discussing their reason for intervening with them. But then the officer may decide they have enough information for their case to try the minor (Bartollas & Miller, 2008, p.134). This information may include past history of delinquency from the minor. The officer then may place the juvenile in a detention center or in some cases a foster home (Bartollas & Miller, 2008, p.18).
Excluded young people are more likely to suffer social and educational disadvantages. This includes all forms of abuse, frequently moving homes, domestic violence, bereavement and homelessness. Young People risks their health through smoking, drug and alcohol use, unsafe sex and becoming parents in their teens. The community they live in is also a factor on their wellbeing. Wellbeing including a sense of safety and stability with positive interaction and community involvement.
This study will also try to offer suggestions as to how further studies can be improved and how to solve the problem of juvenile delinquency. It will also present some of the limitations that can be faced when conducting studies on this topic of juvenile delinquency. Definition of terms Juvenile delinquency- this is the broad-based term given to juveniles who commit crimes. Juveniles are defined as individuals who haven’t reached adulthood or the age of majority. (http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-juvenile-delinquency.htm) Delinquency- this is defined as, failure or omission of duty; a fault; a misdeed; an offense; a misdemeanor; a crime.
Family Life and Juvenile Delinquency Researchers have established that there many paths to juvenile delinquency and numerous risk factors that contribute to a youth’s opportunity to offend. The environment in which a child is raised plays a very crucial role in predicting their behaviour in adolescence and subsequent, in adulthood. Delinquency and criminal behaviour typically begin in the home and continue into society. Many modern criminologists argue that youth’s who were deprived of parental warmth and affection had weak family and social bonds and tended to develop a set of beliefs that were negative and hostile towards society (Walsh, 1991). Furthermore, child maltreatment is a consequential social problem.
In addition to this appalling immediate toll, child abuse is thought to have many harmful long-term consequences” (“James Poterba 1”). Janet Currie and Erdal Tekin are two people that focus on the effect of child maltreatment on crime using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent health. They focus on crime because it is one of the most socially costly potential outcomes of maltreatment, and because the proposed mechanisms linking maltreatment and crime are relatively well elucidated in the literature. “The various studies that show that having access to a gun at home increases the propensity to commit a variety of crimes, by about 30 percent among adolescents. Decreases in gun ownership over the 1990s can explain up to a third of the decline in ceime over the same period.
“In 2008, law enforcement agencies in the United States made an estimated 2.11 million arrests of persons younger than age 18. * Overall, there were 3% fewer juvenile arrests in 2008 than in 2007, and juvenile violent crime arrests fell 2%” (Puzzanchera, 2009, p. 1). Although there was a small increase in juvenile offenses during 2008 it was
A broken home can result in economic hardships, loss of some affection, adequate supervision that is provided by two parents, and easier chance to develop relationships with delinquents. Police are involved with crimes even more so with broken family children, with the fact of coming from a low income home and seeing that a child could continue down that path. Investigating more with police might be a link to broken homes and delinquency. Many research studies support the theory of broken homes correlating with delinquency. I would like to focus on a few separate areas as it relates to broken homes; divorces, single-parent families, and working mothers with children under age 18.