Criminal Procedure: Exclusionary Rule

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Criminal Procedure: From First Contact to Appeal 5e Chapter 2 Summary 1. Summarize the exclusionary rule and the issues associated with it. ● A number of legal remedies are available for addressing violations of people’s rights, including those provided by the law, court decisions, and police policy and procedures. The most common remedies in criminal procedure are (1) the exclusionary rule; (2) criminal liability; (3) civil litigation; and (4) nonjudicial remedies. ● The exclusionary rule is the main remedy that will be focused on throughout the remainder of this book. It requires that evidence obtained in violation of certain constitutional amendments (notably the Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, and Fourteenth) be excluded from the criminal trial. Exceptions to the exclusionary rule have been recognized in cases in which (1) the police acted in good faith but nonetheless violated the Constitution and (2) the prosecutor sought to impeach a witness at trial by pointing to contradictions in his or her out-of-court statements, even if such statements were obtained in an…show more content…
Describe criminal prosecution and civil remedies for constitutional rights violations. ● Police can be held criminally liable, as well. For instance, both state and federal law enforcement officers can be held criminally liable for violating certain federal laws. Officers are also bound by the criminal law at the state level. They may, of course, be permitted to engage in certain authorized conduct that would be a crime if committed by regular citizens (such as the use of deadly force in appropriate circumstances). ● Civil lawsuits against government officials—the police, mainly—can be filed when neither the exclusionary rule nor other criminal remedies apply. Section 1983 litigation requires the plaintiff to show that a constitutional rights violation was committed by an official acting under color of state law. Section 1983 lawsuits can be filed against individual police officers, supervisors,

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