Criminal Law Quiz

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1. Congress passed a law imposing penalties for displaying "indecent" material online where children could see it. If the U.S. Supreme Court subsequently rules that the statute conflicts with the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution, the statute is void. TRUE 2. Sandra sued her employer, Cape Inc., claiming that she was sexually harassed on the job. This is a criminal lawsuit. FALSE 3. A rule that establishes who may testify on your behalf in court is an example of a substantive rule of law. FALSE 4. Wilfred was driving too fast for the icy road conditions and hit Sally's car. Sally can sue Wilfred in criminal court. FALSE 5. If Milan asks a court to order Pamela to stop reprinting his copyrighted material, he is…show more content…
Which school of jurisprudence is based on the philosophy that what matters is not what is written as law, but who enforces the law and by what process? a.|Legal positivism.| b.|Natural law.| c.|Legal realism.| d.|Sovereign selection.| 12. Which of the following would be an example of a civil lawsuit? a.|George is being prosecuted for bank fraud.| b.|The government has initiated an action against Jeff for operating a motor vehicle under the influence of alcohol.| c.|Gretta hit Rita in a bar during happy hour. Rita is now suing for her injuries.| d.|The district attorney is bringing Ali to court for violating the city's keg ordinance.| B. ESSAY (eight points each) 1. Explain the origins of equity and its place in contemporary American law. In the old times, in England, the judge sometimes refuses to hear the case, judging that there was no legal basis for the state. The offended party might then take the case to the Chancellor, whose position in the king’s council gave him unique, stiff powers. The Chancellor was to achieve what good ethics required, or what was fair and reasonable. These days’ judges in the United States still work out equity powers. Only a judge can work out equitable powers because, in the past, there was no harm involved in the Chancery court. Courts may issue rulings such as injunctions to provide an equitable

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