Criminal Law Assessment Paper

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Criminal Law Assessment Paper Joycel Agay CJA 343 July 22, 2010 Anthony Ellis Criminal Law Criminal law can be traced back to the Code of Hammurabi back in 1750 B.C. According to Schmalleger (2010), the major contribution of the Code of Hammurabi was routinizing the justice in the Babylonian society. In today’s society, criminal law defines what conduct is criminal and what punishment is appropriate for it. “Criminal law can be understood as the body of rules and regulations that defines and specifies punishments for offenses of a public nature or for wrongs committed against the state or society” (Schmalleger, 2010, p. 5. There are many aspects to criminal law such as the purpose and source of criminal law. There are also some jurisdictions that create and enforce criminal law. This paper will also discuss the adversarial and the standards of proof in criminal cases. It will also differentiate the concepts of criminal liability and accomplice liability. Lastly, this paper will define what inchoate offense is and will compare it to elements of additional criminal offenses. In order to fully understand criminal law, one must also understand its purpose and its sources. Criminal law has many purposes, but to sum it all up, according to Schmalleger (2010), “criminal law protects the law-abiding citizens while maintaining social order through the conviction and sentencing of the criminals. Criminal law provides protection to all law abiding individuals and will sentenced the ones who committed the crimes. Criminal law has many sources, one is the Constitution. Schmalleger (2010) stated that the Constitution is the highest form of law in the United States. The Constitution sets the limit on the extent of criminal law that the government can enact on. “The Bill of Rights contains most of the Constitution’s limits on the authority of the government can
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