Criminal Justice System Essay

879 WordsAug 11, 20154 Pages
Criminal Justice System Mallory Lumsden CJA/204 March 23, 2015 Deana Bohenek Criminal Justice System The word crime is defined as “an act or the commission of an act that is forbidden or the omission of a duty that is commanded by a public law and that makes the offender liable to punishment by that law; especially: a gross violation of law” (crime. n.d.). There are many different viewpoints when it comes to crime depending on whom you talk to. Criminals will usually disagree with the structure of the criminal justice system and then those who are involved in upholding the system will agree with it. Talking about laws against crime and the criminal justice system will usually end in a controversial disagreement among many people. How It All Works According to Schmalleger (2011), The three different components of the criminal justice system are the police, the courts, and corrections ("Chapter 1: What Is Criminal Justice?"). All of these various departments are supposed to be unbiased and follow the laws as they have been laid out. The police enforce the laws, investigate crimes, arrest offenders, ensure the safety of the community, maintain public order, and provide emergency services. The court conducts fair and unbiased trials and ensures due process. Jurors of a trial or a Judge will determine if the defendant is guilty or innocent. If the determination is guilty, then a Judge will set a sentence based on approved guidelines. The correction facility carries out sentences such as prison or probation. They provide a safe environment for the convicted criminals while incarcerated, supervision for all offenders, and protect the community. The correction agency is also charged with rehabilitating and reintegrating prisoners back into society. Like all the agencies of the justice system, it respects the legal and human rights of the

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