Issues In Criminal Justice
Instructor: Chico Gallegos
In's and Out's of Criminal Justice Intervention Programs
It is truly amazing how far our criminal justice system has come since it was first introduced into the United States. The system has gone only having common laws and punishments such as flogging, hanging or exile to distinct laws for every crime and incarceration and intervention programs for punishments. There are many intervention programs not only in our criminal justice system but also in Americas communities. This research paper will discuss some of these programs starting from programs aimed at juveniles to programs for adults. We will discuss their history, their function, their success or lack there of, etc.
We will start with the D.A.R.E or Drug Abuse Resistance Education program. D.A.R.E's primary mission is to provide children the information and skills they need to live drug and violence free lives by bringing together local law enforcement and local schools. D.A.R.E is designed to establish positive relationships between students and law enforcement, teachers, parents, and other leaders of the community. This program is targeted at kids in grades kindergarten through 12th. D.A.R.E was first established in 1983 and has continued to be used into today. Not only is the D.A.R.E program used in America but also in 43 other countries around the world. D.A.R.E is a non-profit organization and less than one percent of its budget comes from federal sources (D.A.R.E America, 1996).
There are many conflicting views on whether or not the D.A.R.E program is and has been effective in reducing drug and crime rates. Given its widespread use and the investment of government, school time, and law enforcement effort, it is important to know whether this program is effective in reducing drug use and crime. According to some studies done in the 1990's the effectiveness of D.A.R.E showed that there was no impact on the rate of drug use by...