Criminal Justice Models

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Criminal Justice Models Carina Perez Axia University of Phoenix Criminal Justice Models In the criminal justice process there are three different models, they are the funnel model, the wedding cake model, and the net model. These three models are ways of helping you visualize the criminal justice process and how the process works. This paper will take a look at all three of the different process and how each one works. I will also include my opinion on which one I think best describes today’s criminal justice system and rationalize why I think that way. The criminal justice process is much like a funnel with a large opening at the top, tapering down to a much narrower opening at the bottom (Meyer & Grant, 2003). The illustration of the funnel refers to the reduced number of crimes reported, detected, and punished by the system, rather than the actual number essentially committed (Meyer & Grant, 2003). There are several reasons this may happen; the crime is never reported, the case was dismissed, or the case may have bees refer to treatment or counseling. The funnel decreases are due to case attrition. You could say that in the funnel model there are more suspects and defendants then there are inmates. The wedding cake model is where cases are separated into layers. The layers are separated by the seriousness of the crime committed. The largest layer of the cake, which would be the bottom of the cake, is made of or pertains to misdemeanors. Misdemeanors are less serious crimes where punishment usually consists of a fine, probation, or just a few days imprisonment. The second layer of this cake would consist of less sever felonies. These cases would be first time offenders, petty robberies where no weapons were used, and fights that ended in assault charges. The punishment for these felonies are usually probation or in home incarceration. The third

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