Criminal Justice Models Paper Lisa Waldschmidt CJS/220 January 12, 2012 Amy Griner Criminal Justice Models Paper The criminal justice process is a very difficult process and is different from state to state. There are three models which are used to describe the criminal justice process. These models are known as the wedding cake, funnel, and the net models each model shows the three makings of the criminal justice system which are the police who arrest and accuse you, the courts who decide your guilt, and the corrections who carry out your punishment. The first model would be the wedding cake; this is a basic model that shows how cases are organized into layers. The cases are layered with the most serious on top and less serious on the bottom.
Often times these surveys make the assumption that crimes are always discrete incidents rather than a repetitive social processes. Specific measurement problems can be limited distribution of incident knowledge, forgetting or inaccurate recall of events, and lax participation in surveys. Three procedural issues which affect estimates of victimization rates are problems of panel bias and attrition, differences between telephone and personal interviews, and interviewer effects(Karmen 65-68). The UCR and NIBRS collectively only include figures based solely on crimes known to local police and sheriff’s department and focus mainly on the crime itself and not so much the victim. The accuracy of both reports is routinely in question because of the percentage of victims who do not self-report and often multiple crimes are listed as one- the most serious-while the rest are not accounted for in the reports(UCR).
Activities that would be considered criminal in the 1700s would not be considered a crime today. In today’s corrections we use jail or prison as our most common punishment some states still practice the death penalty as a capital punishment but we also use a rehabilitation and probation as a punishment as well. The realities of correctional enterprise concur with justifications of punishments with some cases. All criminals are not the same. There are criminals that need help but do not get help there for result in criminal activity.
However, a negative effect on society is that you honestly cannot determine whether the probationer will abide by the rules that the courts set in place. The other negative effect they could have on society is the probationers may go out and commit more crimes. My hypothesis about the overall effectiveness of community corrections is that it is lacking in its attempts to keep probationers off drugs and alcohol. I also think that urinalysis tests are not fool proof, and can easily be manipulated and passed by the help of the detox drinks that there is
The U.S. uses different forms of corrections, usually depending on the seriousness of the crime. These forms of punishment include monetary restitution, house arrest, probation, community service, prison, or capital punishment. Sometimes there is a mix of punishments. The corrections department’s main purpose is to keep the offender out of the general public so that he or she does not have the opportunity to commit any other crimes. This step is also used to hopefully help to rehabilitate an offender to give them another chance out in the public.
Jury nullification is frequently practiced, but rarely occurs, in criminal trials and theoretically applicable to civil trials too – where it is focus to civil procedural solutions. To spare the innocent and castigate the guilty was the premeditated goal of the criminal justice system. An effect of a race-based jury nullification could be the demising an innocent life or incarcerating an innocent individual (Duane, 1996). Studies reveal that there’s an estimate of three to four percent of jury criminal trials engaged in jury nullification. Sad to say that there’s no means of totally eradicating jury nullification for jurors can’t be controlled
If the data that is being reported is not precise then the program will not be successful. In addition to the accuracy of the reports, all crimes have to be reported. Some cases may not be documented to make a certain division or area to have a low crime rate. Sometimes things like this tend to happen when someone is being put into office. When a crime has been reported into the system it is very difficult to try and take the data out; as a result, sometimes crimes do not get reported.
The criminal justice system has changed as a whole. In today’s world, the focus is more on the protection and equality of it’s citizens. According to America's System Of Criminal Justice (1967), [Any criminal justice system is an apparatus society uses to enforce the standards of conduct necessary to protect individuals and the community. It operates by apprehending, prosecuting, convicting, and sentencing those members of the community who violate the basic rules of group existence. The action taken against lawbreakers is designed to serve three purposes beyond the immediately punitive one.
Criminal Justice System Paper Your Name CJA/204 April 6, 2014 Rudy Pichardo Criminal Justice System Paper When I think about the criminal justice system I think about corruption, the falsely accused, inmates who aren’t given the proper sentence, and how awful it is for the people. In this paper I’m hoping to give a better understanding of the criminal justice system by identifying the goals of the criminal justice system, describing the components and the criminal process of the criminal justice system and some of the other components in the system. The criminal justice system is built on a few important principles; Presumption of innocence, due process, independent judiciary, openness and accessibility of court and equality before law. (Merriam Webster: An Encyclopedia Britannica Company, 2014) defines crime as an illegal act for which someone can be punished by the government. Meaning, if you break the law of which has been given you will be punished.
The prosecution, the judge and the defendant all benefit when defense counsel performs in the way the Constitution envisions. The broken public defense system in our State doesn't have to be like this. It can and must be fixed. As a result of these deficiencies, many individuals facing criminal charges are compelled to appear in court without a lawyer at critical junctures, such as when bail decisions are made. This often results in unnecessary or excessive bail being set and keeps people who cannot afford it in jail awaiting trial Many public defense lawyers also fail to: meet or consult with clients at critical stages in their cases; investigate the charges against their clients or hire experts who can assist with case preparation or testify at trial; file necessary pre-trial motions; and provide meaningful consultation before clients accept plea bargains, regardless of whether a charge is appropriate or a viable defense exists.