Criminal Justice: American Correctional Institutions

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Criminal Justice Name Institution Criminal Justice American Correctional Institutions American correctional institutions have origins from penal incarcerations in England in 1500s (Cao, Zhao & Vandine, 2007). They have influence from three major waves. The first wave began during the Jackson era in which remedies for crime were hard labor and imprisonment. The second wave that contributed to the development of American correctional institutions began after the American civil war. This was during the progressive era. This wave brought about some new changes in American correctional organizations. The inherent changes were the integration of parole, probation and indefinite…show more content…
It stands at 0.743 percent. Local jails in the United States have a capacity of 86, 6782 inmates. The state prisons are known to have a capacity that is close to 1,140,500 prisoners. National prisons have a capacity of 1, 26,863 inmates. Of these inmates, 21.5% are pretrial prisoners, female prisoners make up 8.7%, 04.4 percent are juveniles and prisoners with a foreign origin make up 5.9% of the total number of inmates. The trend is expected to have an upward trend since the existence of criminal activities in the United States keeps on rising everyday (United States Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2011). This percentage is expected to reach 0.9 percent by 2015. The greatest threats to American jails, inmates, jail personnel and the society is violence in these institutions. Interpersonal violence is a big threat to inmates and jail personnel. American jails are faced with the threat of overcrowding, and the threat to the society criminals who have been set free. Better prison management methods are able to solve the issue of overcrowding in jails. Violence against staff by prisoners can be addressed by having only experienced staff to oversee the jails. The threat that former inmates pose to the society can be addressed by better rehabilitation…show more content…
The strategies are programmes for prisoners, situational approaches and institutional reforms. Gang violence can be addressed by having programmes for prisoners that support rehabilitative measures in a supportive and opportunity enhancing surroundings (Dennis, 2003). Situational approaches advocate for single cell accommodation, giving prisoners much control over their setting and elimination of blind spots that lead to violence. Institutional reforms advocate for staff training and the elimination of formal and coercive managerial practices in

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