Chapter 1 Review Questions
August 31, 2015
Professor Michael W. Capeci M.S
Describe the American experience with the crime during the last half century. What noteworthy criminal incidents or activities can you identify during that time, and what social and econimic conditions might have produced them?
In the opinion of many American citizens, the American judicial system treats criminals as victims indicating favoritism towards the criminal. underage students on college campuses continue consuming alcohol at alarming rates; yet the majority of colleges fine students rather than pressing charges and allowing them to face legal punishment.
What is the theme of this book? According to that theme, what are the differences between the individual-rights perspective and the public-order perspective?
The theme of this book is individual-rights verses public-order, specifically; the rights guaranteed by the constitution to criminal suspects and law abiding citizens need to be upheld and defended. On the public-order side of things, the needs of communities to be protected from unlawful and/or harmful behavior must be recognized as well. These two sides have opposing groups: individual-rights advocates and public-order advocates. Individual-rights advocates focus on just that. They make sure the rights of citizens and suspects are both upheld (like the right to a speedy trial and bail). Public-order advocates are there to make sure that the public (communities) are also protected from unacceptable behavior (like requiring high bail amounts for high risk suspects).
What is justice? What aspects of justice does this chapter discuss? How does criminal justice relate to wider notions of equity and fairness?
As defined by the text, justice is the “principal of fairness; the ideal of moral equity.” This chapter discusses social justice, civil justice, criminal justice, and the administration of justice. It is tied together by describing a brief...