Criminal Justice Essay

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Criminal Justice System CJA/204 April 5, 2012 Albert Mendoza Criminal Justice System The criminal justice system and the criminal justice process has shaped the laws of this country into what they are today from the concerns of politicians and government leaders as far back as the 1800s with crime control. Basically, the criminal justice system was designed to ensure the safety of individuals whom are citizens of this country. Essentially, the criminal justice system is “the structural basis used to maintain social control.” The criminal justice system has many components that work together to provide justice for criminals and victims of crimes. This enables violators of the law to be prosecuted in a fair trial. The legal definition of a crime is a wrong doing classified by the state or congress as a felony or misdemeanor, or an offense against a public law. Crime is defined by the dictionary as an act or the commission of an act that is forbidden or the omission of a duty that is commanded by a public law and that makes the offender liable to punishment by that law. One of the fundamental theories of the United States criminal justice system is that those on trial remain innocent until proven guilty. The criminal justice system consists of three components the law enforcement, criminal courts, and correctional agencies. The role of the justice system is to respond in the name of society when crimes are committed. The three component agencies all work together to ensure that justice is carried out. The relationship to the law and the government structure as it applies to the criminal justice system is that there must be unity of act and intent to commit a crime. The structure of the law and government of a crime committed is punishment. The most important and perhaps the most dangerous component of the criminal justice system are

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