Criminal Justice Essay

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Criminal Justice System in America Joseph Dye CJA/204 12 March 2012 Mr. James Smith Criminal Justice System in America Crime – Conduct in violation of the criminal laws of a state, the federal government, or a local jurisdiction, for which there is no legally acceptable justification or excuse. (Criminal Justice Today, 2009 pg. 7) The criminal justice system in America is comprised of three main categories; Police, courts, and corrections. Each has a role to play in the safety of the public and how people interact with each other on daily basis. There is also a process by which each of these departments must conduct and govern themselves with in their own and as a group together. First, we will break this down by departments, and then tell how they conduct themselves, and finally how they interact with each other and where they are connected by way of the consensus model, a criminal justice perspective that assumes that the system’s components work together harmoniously to achieve the social product we call justice. The first department would be the police. The police department duties are to enforce the law, investigate crimes, apprehend offenders of the law, reduce and prevent crime, maintain public order, ensure community safety, provide emergency and related community services, and protect the fundamental rights and freedoms of individuals. Investigation is where the system begins. Once a crime is discovered, evidence can be gathered; preferably starting at the scene or point of origin, then can progress to a follow up investigation to reconstruct the sequence of activities. Since few apprehensions are made at the scene, an officer can obtain a warrant from a judicial official to apprehend the perpetrator of the law at a later point in time when the evidence shows a guilty party. During the arrest, the individual is read or told what their

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