Criminal Acts and Choices
Criminal Justice CJA/204
September 14, 2011
Leroy Hendrix, MS
Criminals are often categorized or labeled as the bad seeds of society or the rejects and failures. Those are the individuals that make the choice of disobeying the law and decide to live the life of a felon. Those criminal behaviors later on result to becoming habitual and progressive towards severe crimes being committed. However, for every action there is a reason to better understand the mind of a criminal certain theories have been introduced to the criminal justice system to gain knowledge in why people commit crime and what can be done to prevent it from occurring. In this paper choice theories will be identified and how they relates to crime. Also the common models Consensus and Conflict will be described in how society determines which acts are considered to be criminal and how it impacted by choice theories of crime.
Choice Theory is categorized as a free will theory according to the early works of theorists, Cesare Beccaria and Jeremy Bentham (Schmallager, 2009). According to the book Juvenile Delinquency, Choice Theory, suggest that offenders choose to engage in antisocial activity because individuals believe that actions will be beneficial and profitable. Therefore, understanding the importance and the role choice theory plays in trying to explain what the influences are in criminal behavior can help in creating strategies for controlling and reducing crime. For this reason, it is important to understand the theory and how it affects the possibility of someone participating in criminal activity and how an attempt to control crime would take part. As a result Choice Theory affects how society would deter criminal acts.
The choice theory of criminology is also known as the classical theory. According, to the theorist and philosophers, Cesare Beccaria and Jeremy Bentham argued that people weigh the benefits...