Crime data Comparison CJA/314: Criminology Instructor: Chris Hammond By: Christine Kishlock Student: University of Phoenix Crime is a process that takes place when a law is broken; these laws are set in place to keep society at a social normal. When these laws are broken people normally report these activities but in the day and present time it has been more aware to criminal justice officials that most of the criminal behavior is not being reported. In this short comparison paper I will be going over to different metropolitan areas and comparing the rates in crime in a crime category. California holds several different metropolitan areas some are more wide spread than others and can go as far as half the state. The
Sentencing Sentencing Katie Miller CJA/314 Criminology February 10, 2013 Krista Hall Axia College/University of Phoenix There are many things that must be considered when presenting a Bill to increase sentencing. This particular Bill would double the sentence for armed robbery. At first glance, the Bill appears to be a good plan, but is it really? This report looks at many factors that would be influenced by this Bill. After considering these factors, a recommendation will be made on whether or not this Bill would really be beneficial.
High risk offenders can be maintained in the community under much closer security than traditional probation efforts can provide. The last primary goal is reintegration. Under this goal offenders can maintain community ties and be reoriented toward a more productive life while avoiding the pain of going to prison. The IPS program is a minimum of a 12 month commitment (Siegal & Worrall,
The majority of studies examining incapacitation effects demonstrate a small but positive effect in reducing crime. However, this crime prevention effect is associated with significant increases in prison populations. Crime can be reduced if the career criminals were identified and incapacitated. This selective incapacitation strategy would identify the offenders who were predicted to commit serious crimes at a higher rate so they could be incarcerated for long periods of
This study could be said to be particularly realistic, that it had good ecological validity since the participants are studied in real life situations. This permits an interpretation of criminal activity as a reflection of what develops over a period of time – the study can show at what stages of life people either become or remain criminal. ( Farrington called ‘persisters’ people who were convicted before and after their twenty-first birthday and ‘desisters’ those who commit crime only until age twenty.) However, the fact that longitudinal studies take a great deal of time does mean that they may be regarded as less useful – since it limits what can be put into practice before the study is complete. Due to the very nature of the studies being over a long period of time, they can end up being rather expensive.
If we focus on these we can keep the convicts from relapse into their old ways, and truly be successful in community programs and rehabilitation. Restriction are important when you at probation and the community program. Restriction is need to reinforce the idea that their current freedom is a privilege, and at any given time when they make the decision to do the wrong thing it can be taken away. So
Plea bargaining unquestionably alleviates the workload of judges, prosecutors, and defense lawyers. Fewer than 10 percent of the criminal cases brought by the federal government each year are actually tried before juries with all of the accompanying procedural safeguards stated in the Constitution. The overwhelming majorities of individuals who are accused of crime forgo their constitutional rights and plead guilty. The rarity of jury trials is not the result of criminals who come into court to relieve a guilty conscience or save taxpayers the costs of a trial. It is possible that the truth is, that government officials have deliberately engineered the system to assure that the jury trial system established by the Constitution is seldom used, instead plea bargaining is the primary technique used by the government to bypass the institutional safeguards in trials (Timothy Lynch Cato Institute).
The decisions can be far reaching and may have a significant impact on a juvenile, since their reasoning skills are lacking compared to that of an adult. Pros From a social standpoint, it can be an advantage to society to have such crimes, as example above, tried in criminal adult courts. It doesn’t appear that there was much in the way that the conviction of Lionel Tate served society since he was later released on appeal and given probation, however, he was later found guilty of violating his probation on a robbery charge and sentenced to prison (Aguayo, 2006). In other words, juveniles that commit such heinous crimes should be tried in adult’s court. These types of decisions to try juveniles in adult court serve society in terms of placing these individuals in custody for potential rehabilitation and introduction back into society.
This program studies what criminals do, and how they do it, so they can counter react that and make it impossible for them to do it at a particular time. Now this is not bulletproof because the crimes still happen, but statistics show its decreasing and maybe with the help of this theory. Then the National Crime Victimization Survey, helps too because they are useful tools of information. They take the surveys seriously, and they find that majority of the people who take the survey have not reported the crime or crimes that they have been a victim in. Not only that, but it makes out statistics more accurate than before because now we have the ones that never reported.
Adults get harsher sentences because they know better and are more aware of what they are doing is wrong. If an adult committed first-degree murder, they would get life imprisonment, whereas if a 15-year old did the same they would probably receive psychiatric help and be placed in a secure facility. The Youth Criminal Justice Act is more lenient to help reform youth criminals and give them a second chance. The YCJA recognizes that teens are still learning and require guidance. The Adult Court System is stricter because it is a lot more difficult to reform an adult because they are fully grown and already have their own views on things, which are harder to reverse after living by them for so long.