Crime Trends and Patterns

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Running Head: Unit 2 Writing Assignment Crime Trends and Patterns Kristen Klomp Criminology Kaplan University Professor Holli VahSeliskar CJ102-01AU March 9, 2009 Crime trends have seen a steady increase in crime rates, specifically in violent crimes in 1830-1860. After the Civil War ended, for about 15 years, the crime rates drastically inclined. After a time of readjustment the crime rates went down until the start of the Depression in 1930, and another wave of crime was recorded. The UCR reported that crime rates increased following the 1930’s until the 1960’s. Also, during that time period, the homicide rates declined. From the 60’s to the 80’s their was a noticeably sharp increase in the crime rates again. Part one crimes in 1981 rose to 13 million and began to grow gradually until 1991 when there were a reported 15 million crimes. Since then, crimes have declined. Even teenage criminality declined during that period of time, decreasing about 1/3 over the last 20 years. Trends in violent crimes reported by the FBI consists of rape, murder, assault and robberies. The last data recorded in 2005, violent crimes increased from the year before. Alarmingly, the numbers of non-negligent manslaughters and murders rose to nearly 5% and aggravated assaults were up nearly 2%. Forcible rape was the only offense among violent crimes that went down in volume in 2005 (Siegal, 2007). In crime patterns, Criminologists look for constant crime rates to seek insight in the nature of the crime. “The cause of crime may be better understood by the examining of the rate (Siegal, 2007).” The text book states an example of criminal statistics consistently show crime rates are higher in “poor neighborhoods” than in other ones. The text also states that crime may be related to poverty. Noted in our textbook, under The Ecology of

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