These surfaces include countertops, doors and handles, cash registers and computers, and any furniture encountered by the suspects. In this case, another evidence would also be the store’s computer and anything touched by the robbers. 2.) What would be the best way to locate, document, and package the evidence? Reference: Criminal Investigation The Art And The Science Custom Edition by Michael D. Lyman-Chapter 2, pg.
FSIs then start to work with the investigating officers. The FSI will find out what evidence they need to help the investigation. What you need to know before entering a crime scene. Initial responding officers are the individuals most susceptible to dangers within a crime scene. They are required to verify the nature of the incident, secure the crime scene, locate victim and/or
The lead profiler on any case can be someone from within or outside the department depending on the skill levels available internally and preferably, a teamwork approach to case analysis would create a continuing dialogue that would not entirely hinge on the opinion of one investigator or profiler. While it is desirable to narrow the suspect list down to a workable size for the investigators, it is also necessary to prevent personal whims from causing tunnel vision and causing the exclusion of viable suspects. The four basic skills necessary for good Investigative Criminal Profiling - investigations, forensics, psychological assessment and the application of cultural anthropology - are necessary to a complete an accurate profile. It should be recognized that experts should be consulted to fill in the gaps. A homicide investigator with limited skills in profiling might combine his skills with that of a professional profiler and as a team, increase the success of the
Although, both agencies have similarities among them, there are significant differences. This paper will discuss those similarities as well as differences in roles, policies as well as their relationship of each role to the criminal justice system. Both public policing and private security involve securing individuals as well as property, and areas. However, public policing involves various duties and roles such as, “during their shift, they may identify, pursue, and arrest suspected criminals; resolve problems within the community; and enforce traffic laws” (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 2009). Public policing also involves the response to emergency calls through the call system and at times, they must be present in court as the result of citations given for violating a specified law by citizens.
This is not only to keep track of who has what, but in the event something gets misplaced or lost it can be quickly found where its last location was. It is also used to make the evidence legally admissible in court due to the fact it was made tamper resistant and protected by the chain of custody (US Legal, 2012). With the thought of tampering with evidence or a crime scene overall the thought comes to mind of the mass media storming the site of a crime. Nothing can destroy evidence faster than the stampeding circus of media all over an improperly secured crime scene. In such cases as Branzburg v. Hayes and Richmond Newspapers Inc. v. Virginia, the Supreme Court ruled that media presence at Supreme Court hearings was allowed according to the 1st amendment.
This first step requires complete background information on the victim, all available forensic information, and any and all crime scene and case information gathered thus far by the police. However, it is vital that none of the case information pertaining to possible suspects is included, this information could subconsciously bias the profiler, and cause the profile generated to directly point to one of the selected suspects. For the background information, the report should cover domestic setting, employment, reputation, habits, fears, physical condition, personality, criminal history, family relationships, hobbies, and social conduct. The forensic data should also be very in depth including autopsy reports, toxicology reports, autopsy photographs, photos of wounds, the ME's findings, estimated time of death, cause of death, type of weapon, and suspected sequence of delivery of wounds (dragonnet 6). All of this information can allow the investigator to determine factors such as, the degree of control by the offender, how risky it was for the offender to hit his target, his emotional state, and the offender's experience and sophistication as a
The job of law enforcement personnel can be dangerous depending on the position you hold, it’s important that there are guidelines in the different aspects of working conditions or hazards you may encounter. As I move forward with my education I want to make sure I keep safety in mind when I choose my career. If I end up working in an office setting and not in the field, I will encounter fewer hazards. If I go into forensic psychology I am told I could be dealing directly with criminals, going into correctional facilities to interview criminals so extra precaution should be taken to make sure I am protecting myself and I am aware of my surroundings. If I end up being a criminalist, I would be using chemicals that could be dangerous so knowing how to avoid the possible hazard is important.
After finding out that one of the suspects was detained, I would take each witness over to the squad car and let them have a chance of seeing if that is one of the suspects. (Without the suspect seeing them of course). This would also determine whether to make a preliminary arrest and would also justify a search of the suspect’s car and property. While still at the liquor store I would view all surveillance videos and try to see if the suspect detained is caught on videotape or at least try to see if his height and build match Next, what I would do is put the suspects in a lineup and have the witness/victim make a positive identification. Before the lineup is done, whether physical or photo, you have to explain to the victim/witness that the purpose of the lineup isn’t only for identification but to also exonerate the innocent.
There are many different important parts when any individual is describing the research process with in criminology as well as being familiar with the criminal justice research methods terminology as well. Having the knowledge of proper terminology can be very useful when evaluating, and analyzing research studies or data. To not understand the proper terminology and the basic information while conducting any type of research can and will affect the researchers report in which can turn into the wrong information on the study or data that needs to be collected. There are a lot of things that could go wrong if any researcher does not fully understand what needs to be understood. When researchers fully understand all terminology and are more
When discussing research methods in the criminal-justice system, a vital role has to be acted out by the researcher. Researchers should know that without the ability to conduct effective research, there would be problems in some areas of the justice system. Another area of research is the terminology that is used among law enforcement, doctors, etc. Terminology is important when being used during any type of study within the criminal-justice system. This paper will cover some of the terminology researchers may use on a daily basis and what methods could be applied to the Criminal Justice System.