Part C. Review the Baltimore City Crime Statistics link provided and review descriptions of the crimes. https://data.baltimorecity.gov/Crime/BPD-Part-1-Victim-Based-Crime-Data/wsfq-mvij If you are unable to open the link, visit www.baltimorecity.gov keyword crime statistics and the link will populate. 1. Formulate predictions for the 2013 UCR report relative to two Part 1 crimes of your
Early work on offender profiling by the FBI indicated a broad distinction between organised offenders and disorganised offenders. This distinction was based on interviews and case details of 36 serial sex offenders who volunteered to be interviewed about their crimes. Since its first appearance, the organised/disorganised distinction has been widely cited in academic literature and used as a model by professional investigators. According to the Crime Classification Manual (Douglas et al., 1992), the organised/disorganised typology can be applied to all sexually motivated murder and some cases of arson. In 1992, Douglas suggested that a third category of ‘mixed’ offender be added to the twofold category system, to accommodate those offenders who cannot easily be categorised as either organised or disorganised.
These serious offenses can start in a Magistrates Court and passed on to a Crown Court either for sentencing, or for a full trial by a judge and a jury. In order to understand which offenses are serious and which are not, there is a categorization of summary and indictable-only offenses. Summary offenses are minor offenses, such as motoring offenses and minor assaults. Indictable-only offenses are offenses that are usually passed on to a Crown Court for a full trial and sentencing, such as murder, robbery, grievous bodily harm, manslaughter and rape. A Crown Court also divides the offenses it deals with in three types.
Sentencing and punishment statutory and judicial guidelines the purposes of punishment: deterrence (specific and general), retribution, rehabilitation, incapacitation Read pages 66-73 from your Legal Studies textbook 1. Who is responsible for the sentencing of offenders? 2. Define sentencing hearing 3. Describe the competing interests of the victims, community, the state and the accused that influence the sentencing process. Statutory and judicial guidelines: 4.
Levin and McDevitt In 1993, J. Levin and McDevitt suggested that hate crime offenders can be grouped into three major categories according to the motivation of the offender. Based on interviews with police officials, victims, and several hate crime offenders, Levin and McDevitt developed a typology that identified three primary motivations: offenders who commit their crimes for the excitement or the thrill, offenders who view themselves as defending their turf, and a small group of offenders whose life's mission is to rid the world of groups they consider evil or inferior. The current study was conducted in the belief that the current typology used to assist law enforcement officers in investigating and identifying hate crimes is incomplete. To provide empirical grounding for the expanded typology, case files used to develop the original typology were reanalyzed. This consisted of 169 cases from the Boston Police Department that constituted the total number of cases in which the offender was known and represented.
For example, in the case of a sexual assault where an evidence kit is collected from the victim, a DNA profile of the suspected perpetrator is developed from the swabs in the kit. The forensic unknown profile attributed to the suspected perpetrator is searched against their state database of convicted offender and arrestee profiles (contained within the Convicted Offender and Arrestee Indices, if that state is authorized to collect and database DNA samples from arrestees). If there is a candidate match in the Convicted Offender or Arrestee Index, the laboratory will go through procedures to confirm the match and, if confirmed, will obtain the identity of the suspected perpetrator. The DNA profile from the evidence is also searched against the
Crime Comparison Paper Lisa Burns CJA/314 December 22, 2014 Jean-Pierre Lapre Crime Comparison Paper Uniform Crime Reports are a system that the FBI utilizes for reporting crimes. The UCR is broken down as to what type of crime, where the crime occurred, when the crime occurred, as well as who performed the crime, along with much more information. If it is done accurately, it will give an accurate guide to the crimes committed and the areas to which they were committed. If done and reported correctly, it will also show where the most crime happens and give sight to areas needing more police presence. I will show the violent crimes in Dallas, Texas compared to the violent crimes in San Antonio, Texas as well as the population of both areas.
A) SECONDARY VICTIMISATION IN THE COURT PROCESS Contents PG 1 Introduction 2 2 Definitions 2 1 Secondary Victimisation 2 2 The Court Process 3 3 Victims’ Rights 3 4 Case Study – Thandeka's Story 4 5 The criminal justice process: Rights vs reality 4 1 The Police 4 2 The Hospital 6 3 The Crime Investigation 7 4 The Trial 8 5 The Judgment and Sentencing 9 6 Conclusion 10 7 Bibliography and References 11 8 Annexure 'A' Thandeka's Story : One in Nine: Rape survivors guide: 2012: 9-11 Introduction “If one set out intentionally to design a system for provoking symptoms of post traumatic stress disorder, it might look very much like a court of law…. Victims [of violent crime] need social acknowledgment and support; the court requires them to endure a public challenge to their credibility. Victims need to establish a sense of power and control over their lives; the court requires them to submit to a complex set of rules and procedures that they may not understand and over which
Controlling Organized Crime Sean Johnson CJA/384 June 18, 2012 Jason Mann Introduction In this paper the writer will use definitions, principles, and theories from previous assignments, in which she establishes a thesis regarding the control of organized crime. Identify the problems presented and the various relationships established by organized crime. Describe the legal limitations associated with combating organized crime, including a critique of major federal laws and strategies that support this effort. The writer will conclude with a realistic solution to control organized crime by discussing and evaluating the effectiveness of organized crime prosecutions. Organized Crime Prevention and Control As one author put it, “organized crime has been defined in the relative absence of Knowledge” about its true dimensions (Castle, 2008, p. 139).
RUNNING HEAD: Relevant, Reliable, and Competent Evidence Relevant, Reliable, and Competent Evidence Week 2 Jamie Louis Professor Karen Clark Criminal Evidence -14 April 30, 2011 ABSTRACT I am going to discuss the importance of evidence in any trial. There are two types of evidence, indirect and direct. There are three qualities of evidence, relevant, reliable and competent. I am going to talk about each one and give brief descriptions of each to help better understand the differences. Relevant, Reliable, and Competent Evidence Evidence is the backbone to any civil or criminal case; it proves innocence or guilt of the accused.