The number of people behind bars has grown substantially in many countries over the past 20 years.” (para. 9). Better policing can also be attributed to the decline in crime rates as evidence of the growing prison population. According to Mitchell (2010), "In Denver, 30 of the 2009 murders — almost 80 percent — have been solved, according to Mary Dulacki, records coordinator for Denver police.” Per a Denver Police spokesperson, another factor in the reduction of murders is the improvements with emergency medical treatment and services. First responders are able to save more lives than in the past (Mitchell, 2010).
Much of the argument over stop and frisk lies in numbers.” For instance, the NYPD says its policy has led to a falling murder rate and more gun seizures, with homicides down 21 percent this year and the number of illicit guns seized up 31 percent from last year”(Huffington post). If this tactic results in this much of a drop in homicides and an increase of thirty one percent in illicit guns seized, why not use it. This tactic obviously helps keep the streets a little safer. Most if not all cities that imply stop and frisk experience a dramatic drop in crime rate. “The reality is that crime has gone way down in New York City and that stop and frisk has certainly contributed to it.
Crime in America Liam C. Burke Bellevue University Abstract Crime in America has declined substantially since the 1990’s. Scholars, criminologists, sociologists, scientists and economists all have explanations for the trend. This paper will examine several theories to try and see a correlation and consensus on what has led to this decline. Crime in America Crime in America has continued to decline. Homicide is used as a benchmark for crime trends because it is the most accurately measured and most serious crime.
The juvenile arrest rate for each of these offenses has been declining steadily since the mid-1990s; for murder, the rate fell 70% and manslaughter arrest rate fell 40% from its 1993 peak through 2001. (Snyder, 2003) More specifically, “juveniles were involved in 10% of murder arrests, 14% of aggravated assault arrests, 31% of burglary arrests, 24% of robbery arrests, and 23% of weapons arrest in 2001” (Snyder, 2003). In addition, there were significant decreases in juvenile arrests for property crimes in 2001, which reached its lowest level since the 1960s and juvenile arrest rates for burglary declined 66% between 1980 and 2001. Female Juveniles and Crime The National Center for Juvenile Justice
For example, both urban and rural suicide rates decreased, male suicide rates became higher than those of the females, and elderly suicide significantly increased. The most recent decade of the 2010s moulded the distinction between the traditional suicide profile in the rural areas that were immensely affected by the collapse of communes and the rise of migration. As for the city areas, the urbanisation and modernisation have improved the livelihood of the younger generation. However, the ageing of society, urban life stressors, mental health issues, and rising living prices are putting their toll on the metropolitan society. Without the positive economic growth and urbanisation rates, these factors may lead to a new upsurge in the suicide rates.
The number of theft of motor vehicle offences recorded in 2010/2011 (14,370) was 4.6% lower than the 15,068 recorded in 2009/2010, continuing a downward trend that has been seen over the past decade. Despite this trend, an increase of 11.8% was seen in theft of number plates, which was the most common type of property stolen. Drug offences In 2010/2011 there were 14,789 drug offences recorded, an increase of 0.9% compared with 2009/2010. There was an increase of 4.4% for possession or use of drugs, but a decrease of 7.1% for the cultivation/manufacture or trafficking of drugs. Cannabis was the most common type of drug found in both possess/use offences and cultivation/manufacture/trafficking offences.
This paper will focus on the juvenile statistics gathered in 2008; the decrease in arrests, increase in narcotic offenses, simple assaults as well as the implications for juvenile females and minorities will be discussed and examined. Overall Decrease In comparison to the statistics gathered in the 90s, in 2008 there was an overall decrease in juvenile delinquent actions and arrests. Most likely in relation to the introduction of crack cocaine in the late 80s, throughout the 90s there was an extensive increase in violent offenses involving juvenile offenders; this is in relation to the increase in gang activity and extensive narcotic trade that took place. In 2008 16% of all violent crime arrests and 26% of all property crime arrests were committed by juveniles (Puzzanchera, 2009). “In 2008, law enforcement agencies in the United States made an estimated 2.11 million arrests of persons younger than age 18.
Gang violence, still largely confined to Belize City, is a significant contributor to the high murder rate. There were 125 murders recorded for 2011, four less than 2010, likely due to the gang truce in Belize City that began in September 2011. There was a Government of Belize (GOB)-supported gang truce, which was agreed to in September 2011, by all active gangs of Belize City which later dramatically reduced the number of homicides during the final four months of 2011. Due to the amount of criminal activity taken place in Belize City, it has changed drastically the way the society has gone about with their lives. Before people wouldn’t mind attending public functions in the city, taking their family out to parks, and other outdoor activities, but this steady increase in criminal activity has led people to be afraid to attend these functions since they can become a victim and a statistic.
Some of those reasons being the crime rates, the costs of what could happen, and injuries. Firearm injuries have killed more than 28,000 Americans each year since 1972 (Ruben). In 2007, thirty-one thousand two hundred twenty four Americans died due to homicides, suicides, and accidental shootings. Accidental shootings happen quite often. In 2007, around seventy thousand Americans were hospitalized due to accidental shootings.
Juvenile Crime Statistics After a decade of growth, the incidence of violent crime in America suddenly began to drop in the mid-1990s. Criminologists propose various reasons for the sudden turnaround in violent crime. Explanations include a strong economy, changing demographics, changes in the market for illegal drugs and the use of firearms, expanded imprisonment, policing innovations, and a growing cultural intolerance for violent behavior. Regardless of which explanation one favors, it is clear that previous increases as well as recent decreases in violent crime were disproportionately generated by the nation’s youth. Criminal behavior has always been more prevalent among young people.