UCR states there has been 3% decline on juvenile arrests, arrest include murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault (Puzzanchera, 2009). The juvenile arrest rate for simple assault rate in 2008 has declined slightly over the years. Although arrests for forcible rape and aggravated assault have decreased, arrests for robbery increased more than 46% since 2004 (Puzzanchera, 2009). Explanations for the decline include change in demographics, lengthened imprisonment, policing improvements, and a growing cultural intolerance for violent behavior (Butts, 2001). More communities have joined together to reduce crimes rates in the area, unfortunately some urban areas seem to have no hope of reconciling the crime rates.
“In 2008, law enforcement agencies in the United States made an estimated 2.11 million arrests of persons younger than age 18. * Overall, there were 3% fewer juvenile arrests in 2008 than in 2007, and juvenile violent crime arrests fell 2%” (Puzzanchera, 2009, p. 1). Although there was a small increase in juvenile offenses during 2008 it was
In 2008 there was a slight 3% decrease in the juvenile arrest rate in contrast to the 2007. Though there was a decrease in the reported overall arrest, there was a noticeable decrease in a number of violent crimes for 2006 and 2008. Violent crimes in the report are described as forcible rape, murder, robbery, non-negligent manslaughter, and aggravated assault. There was a 6% decrease of simple assaults that were committed by juveniles in 2008 compared to previous years. In fact many statistics have stated that there was a decreased amount of violent crimes committed by juveniles from 1987 to 2008.
From its peak in 1993 to 2001, the juvenile arrest rate for murder fell 70% (2001). During 2001, it is estimated that 202,500 juveniles were arrested for drug abuse violations. The percentage reached an astounding rate of 121% during the years of 1992 to 2001 (2006). Simple assault reached an all-time high during 2001. It was also discovered that females made up 28% of the total of juvenile arrests.
Philadelphia and Milwaukee, WI Philadelphia is considered to be one of the largest cities in the United States. Milwaukee, WI is considered to be one of the largest cities in the state of Wisconsin. In 2012 Philadelphia’s population was 1,530,873 and the population in Milwaukee for that same year was 597,426. These numbers are having a large difference in the number of people and therefore we are able to determine which of the two cities would be ranked with higher crime ratings. The more people in a city the more crime committed, Philadelphia of course proves to have higher crime rates.
Suicide has definitely been increasing throughout the past years. Suicide rates, for 15-24 year olds, have more than doubled since the 1950’s, and remained largely stable at these higher levels between the late 1970’s and the mid 1990’s. In the past 60 years, the suicide rate has quadrupled for males 15 to 24 years old, and has doubled for females of the same age (CDC, 2002). Suicide rates for those 15-19 years old increased 19% between 1980 and 1994. Since the peak in 1994 with 11.0 suicides per 100,000, there has been a 34% decrease.
Task 1-Analysis Gun Crime Statistics for Newham East London I have selected statistics on gun crime in Newham East London from the official Metropolitan Police statistics, as the Borough of Newham has one of the highest recorded gun crime incident hot spots in London from September 2008 to September 2010 From the 12 months leading up to September 2009 there were 127 recorded incidents of guns being used this works out as an average of 10 incidents being reported a month. From 12 months leading up to September 2010 there were 200 recorded incidents of guns being used this works out as an average of 16 incidents being reported a month. In total this works out to be an increase of 57% from the previous year, this is a very significant increase in gun crime and must be addressed as if these statistics were to continue like this over the following years gun crime would be completely out of control. To draw further information from these statistics it would be very helpful to know such things as the size of the population of the Borough of Newham compared to the other Boroughs of London as this would give a better indication of the overall problem of gun crime in this area, also if there has been tensions between ethnic minorities there due to immigration of immigrants and also if the area is socially deprived and has a high unemployment rate and high levels of substance misuse leading to high levels of crime. Another problem could be gang related violence that has led to this increase in violence that would also have an effect on Newham’s neighbouring boroughs.
Gang membership is increasing and the criminal street gang is recruiting members at young age. The gang acts as a second family to the youth, providing drugs, money and protection. Criminal gang membership increased as much as 40 percent in the United States during the past three years, according to an FBI report released Friday. An estimated 1.4 million people are active in more than 33,000 street, prison and outlaw motorcycle gangs across the country, the report states. That compares to about 1 million gang members when the investigative agency last compiled such figures in January 2009.
Between 1993 and 2001, juvenile arrests for murder declined, with the number of arrests in 2001 (1,400) about one-third that in 1993” (). There were also declines in arrest rates for juveniles who committed crimes such as burglary which declined 66% between 1980 and 2001, and aggravated assault which declined in the youngest juveniles by 9% and the oldest juveniles at 38% (). In 2001, the arrest rate for juveniles for property related offenses reached the lowest percentage since the 1960’s (). Increase in Drug Offense and Simple Assault However, with the decrease in violent crime arrests among juveniles, the arrest rate for drug offenses and simple assaults increased. Implications for Juvenile Females and Minorities Assessment of Tracking Juvenile Arrest References
Speed limit is higher on Interstate highways, which are primarily used for movement of vehicles. Impact of Speeding Exceeding the posted speed limit or driving fast is the main reason behind nearly one-third of all crashes. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration NHTSA, speeding-related crashes resulted in 13, 192 deaths in 2004. The economic costs of crashes involving speeding are much higher. According to Insurance Institute for Highway Safety IIHS, when speed increases from 40 mph to 60 mph, the energy released in a crash doubles itself.