Juveniles are responsible for his or her actions and have an obligation to society whenever he or she commits an offense. The purpose and the importance of the community-based treatment is probation officer tailors a program to the offender while helping him or her accept responsibility for his or her actions. The balance probation has generated interest because of their potential for relieving overcrowded correctional facilities and reducing the pain stigma of incarceration. (Siegel & Welsh, 2005) Restitution can take several forms which are monetary restitution, where the juvenile reimburses the victim or donates money to charity, victim service restitution which is when the juvenile is required to provide some service back to the victim, community service restitution which is requiring the juvenile to assist a community organization with his or her services. The purpose and importance of the community-based treatment is to require juveniles to reimburse a victim for his or her crimes or participating in community programs.
Evaluate upbringing as an explanation of criminal behaviour. Upbringing can be defined as the background to an individual’s life where a study by Farrington can explain criminality where he focuses on youth’s backgrounds because we need to look into someone’s past experience whether offender/non-offender which might influence his/hers behaviour later on in life. Theories that use upbringing suggests that what happens during early childhood experiences which can greatly impact on a person’s susceptibility to turn to crime in the future. Farrington had come up with some other predicting factors of crime which include parental divorce and lack of supervision from parents. The study by Farrington et al.
These treatment programs will help get juvenile offenders back on the right track towards a positive lifestyle. There are various types of community-based treatment options for delinquent youths to utilize. These options would include probation, intense supervision, house arrest and electronic monitoring. While on probation a juvenile offender is under standard supervision of a probation officer. The
This gives the offender a prime opportunity to excel within his or her programs. The offender based programs will be determined case by case. The offender may have drug issues and the contract between the courts and the offender helps by counseling and or drug treatment programs. The real issue here is that when you help a parolee you help the community. The community is where the parolee must work, live, and become a model citizen as stated by Marlan” officials worried that some residents would believe the state was coddling prisoners by focusing on their re-integration into society.
They STOP THE INCARCERATION AND START THE REHABILITATION 15 participate in anger management courses and substance abuse counseling if necessary, and do manual labor on the facility grounds or in the community. (Clark, 2013). Although shock incarceration is a better solution then adult prisons, it has been criticized over its incidents involving abuse of inmates by staff. (Cullen, 2012) Punishment and rehabilitation are a major part of the criminal justice system and will be effective in controlling crime if there is a way to incorporate the two factors to work together. Punishing and following up with rehabilitation through community supervision can help prevent crime.
A Referral Order will be available for young people convicted for the first time and its primary aim is to prevent re-offending. The youth offender panel will work with the young offender to establish a programme of behaviour for the young offender to follow. The programme is restorative in nature and has three key aims: 1) Making restoration to the victim; 2) Achieving reintegration into the law-abiding community; 3) Taking responsibility for the consequences of offending behaviour. Before any kind of Referral Order can be made a young offender has to go through the court and sentencing process. Once they have been formally accused of committing an offence the offender will make their first appearance in the Youth Court unless; they are jointly charged with an adult; they are charged with aiding and abetting an adult or they are charged with an offense arising from the same circumstances as those in which an adult is accused of committing an
Specifically it: Requires more juvenile offenders to be try in adult court Requires that certain juvenile offenders be held in local or state correctional facilities Changes the types of probation available for juvenile felons Reduces confidentiality protections for juvenile offenders Increases penalties for gang-related crimes and require convicted gang members to register with local law enforcement agencies Increases criminal penalties for certain serious and violent offenses (www.lao.ca.gov) Rehabilitation The juvenile criminal justice system for rehabilitation is a basic system that helps with education, schooling, and a job training; basically giving the juveniles a second chance on life. The Juvenile Justice System is intended to have goals for their public safety as well treatment in California. When it comes to California State Juvenile Justice System are programs that deal with community supervision who handles the juveniles, detention, and incarceration. The goals in the juvenile justice system includes that schooling have social workers that help the youth out on life and organizations that each individual participates in. For a minor who is a juvenile victim is arrested than law enforcement
Glanced At Life should be valued because we only get to live it once. However, what we do with our lives is at our own discretion. Many people in their youth decide to live a life of misdeeds and become juvenile criminals. North America does have a Juvenile Justice Department, but some of these young offenders are waivered into the adults’ courts where juveniles can be subjected to any punishment available. In most juvenile homicide cases, they are automatically put into the adult justice system for committing the adult-like crime.
Future of the Juvenile Justice System Courts: Many changes need to happen to allow a better future of the juvenile justice system. “The elimination of some of the court’s delinquency function as more and more jurisdiction over youth criminality is transferred to the adult criminal system. Another possibility is the removal or reduction from juvenile court jurisdiction of status offenses, including truancy, beyond control of parents, running away from home, and other noncriminal conduct. Instead of utilizing the juvenile court, this type of behavior would be addressed increasingly by community-based services. A third possibility is the juvenile court’s expanding jurisdiction over abuse and neglect cases.Oversight of abuse and neglect cases and of the social service agencies whichdeliver services to families has become a major portion of the work of the juvenile court” (Hanson, 1996) .
The first program is the Juvenile Justice Diversion Program (JJDP). This program is a court alternative diversion program that is in partnership with the Cook County State’s Attorney and Probation Screeners. This program allows youth’s with a chance to participate in various positive and constructive programs that integrate them into educational development, leadership development, and community service opportunities that are located in their own community. The second juvenile program that is offered is the Juvenile Justice Imitative. The Juvenile Justice Initiative does not only work and support youth’s that have been involved with the system, but also with those who are at risk of being involved with the system.