All children occasionally react in this way on a bad day or if upset by a situation, and many teenagers go through troublesome times. But children with oppositional defiant disorder are like this all the time, making them very hard to deal with. Symptoms The key behavioural symptoms of ODD are negative, hostile and defiant behaviour. For ODD to be diagnosed, symptoms have to have been present for at least six months and involve four or more of the following: often loses temper often argues with adults often actively defies or refuses to comply with adults’ requests or rules often deliberately annoys people often blames others for his mistakes or misbehaviour often touchy or easily annoyed by others often angry and resentful often spiteful or vindictive. To be classified as ODD, the behaviour also has to have caused a significant degree of disturbance to home, social or school life.
A lot of parents today tend to consider their children “too energetic”, “Moody” or “Hyper” and therefore believe they are ADD, ADHD, or Bipolar even when they might not be. There are no definite and scientifically sound tests to determine whether someone is truly ADD, ADHD, or bipolar, so all someone has to do is explain these “behaviors” associated with these disorders. Some of these behaviors include hyper activity, mood swings, excessive energy, an inability to focus, bad grades and short attention spans. These behaviors also can be associated with the normal way children act. Another issue with the lack of tests and being able to procure these drugs so easily is the large and overwhelming issue of misuse.
Statistics are from www.Childhelp-usa.com Figure 1. Statistics are from www.Childhelp-usa.com Child Abuse is broken down into many different categories and each category is broken down into sub-categories. The category that is by far the largest is Child neglect which you can see in figure 1. Childhood Neglect is broken down into four separate sub-categories: Physical Neglect, Educational Neglect, Medical Neglect, and Emotional Neglect. Each one of these is a serious issue in its own yet child neglect is often ignored in professional research because the indicators of this form of abuse are usually not clear at first and is harder to determine.
Disruptive Behavior Disorders are often diagnosed during early childhood and associated with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. (Felix, 2004). The Disruptive Behavior Disorders are the most common psychiatric disorder of childhood, with a prevalence of 4-9% of the entire pediatric population. (Felix, 2004) Disruptive Behavior Disorders in children are characterized by poor social relationships due to extremes of aggressiveness, lying, defiance, irritability, blaming others, cruelty, stealing, destructiveness, and rage. ( Keith,n.d)The child has show some of these symptoms, and that has cause me to worry about him.
Statement of Credibility/Relevance: According to Dr. Ronald Ricker and Dr. Venus Nicolino, “Today, the administration of psychoactive drugs to child 6-17 is all too common, and growing at an alarming rate. Theses drugs often cause the opposite of the intended effect, often condemning children to a life of misery and ill health.” Thesis: Psychoactive drugs are over prescribed to children and in many cases having a very negative effect. Preview: I’m going to explain what a psychoactive drug is, various types and uses of psychoactive drugs, all the negative effects associated with these drugs on children, and some solutions for these negative effects. Transition: Now before we look at the problems of these drugs, let’s first look at what a psychoactive drug actually is. Body: I.
Sometimes people with jobs are one tragedy away from being homeless. Homelessness is very stressful, causing many problems such as depression, low self-esteem, and drug and alcohol abuse. Everyone is different and responds to homelessness in different ways. Children who have to deal with extreme poverty and homelessness might have trouble learning, emotional and physical problems, and bad behavior to name a few. Children find this confusing and upsetting.
Shirley ENG 110 Project 4 draft 3 Oct 28th 2012 Bullied Children Receive Plastic Surgery from Non-profit Organizations Many researches show that children with physical defects especially facial differences are more likely to be bullied or teased in schools. Due to that, many children with support of their parents are receiving to plastic surgery from non-profit organizations. Study This section we focus on a study carried out in Philippines. Actually, much previous evidence reveals that children with physical defects often suffer from hostility, rejection, taunts from their peers. Consequently, they receive negative treatment and have low self-esteem, which may lead to an all-life risk of social interaction and adjustment problems.
Do children with Autism lack the understanding of others minds? Autistic disorder is a long term disorder which has characters such as unresponsiveness to others, low communication skills and behavioural repetitive patterns. Autism mostly affects boys, five in every 10,000 children are affected from this disorder. Even the adults who have high function rates, have difficulties with communication, relating to others and repetitive actions. Children’s understanding of other peoples mind is connected to the Theory of Mind.
“Among injury victims relatively high prevalence rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been found. PTSD is associated with functional impairments and decreased health-related quality of life”(Haagsma, Polinder, Olff, Toet, Bonsel, & Van Beeck 2012). People who suffer with PTSD have reported agitation, excitability, dizziness, fainting, felling there hear beat in there chest, and headaches. Young children have their own set of symptoms, they include: wetting the bed, not talking, unusually clingy to a parent or other adult, and when playing they may act out the event. Older children and teenagers often show symptoms in the same manner that an adult does, however they could become disruptive, disrespectful, and even feel guilty for allowing the event to happen
The severity of this disorder can vary. Some children are moderately, mildly or severely affected. Those who are mildly affected can talk and walk at the average child age, yet they still need speech therapy. Those with the worst condition and are severely affected are the children who are, unable to walk and talk, suffer from health problems, are disabled intellectually and their future life span is shortened. Most Cri Du Chat diagnosed children are usually in between, therefore they are moderately affected.