Courtroom Participation Essay

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Courtroom Participation Paper Katrina Bland CJA/224 April 30, 2012 Samyra Mosley Courtroom participants are the key factors in determining the results of civil and criminal cases. The key players involved with the court proceedings include jurors, prosecutors, defense attorneys, witnesses, victims, defendants, and judges. In addition, there other courtroom participants who assist in administrative and instructional objectives these additional courtroom participants are essential to the daily operations of the courtroom. Media attention and documentation is designed to courtroom reporters, interpreters, and speculators. It is important to acknowledge that it takes all of these participants to be active in order for the United States legal system to work efficiently. The Judge-The judge presides over the trial from a desk, called a bench, on an elevated platform. The judge has five basic tasks. The first is simply to preside over the proceedings and see that order is maintained. The second is to determine whether any of the evidence that the parties want to use is illegal or improper. Third, before the jury begins its deliberations about the facts in the case, the judge gives the jury instructions about the law that applies to the case and the standards it must use in deciding the case. Fourth, in bench trials, the judge must also determine the facts and decide the case. The fifth is to sentence convicted criminal defendants. The Lawyers-The lawyers for each party will either be sitting at the counsel tables facing the bench or be speaking to the judge, a witness, or the jury. Each lawyer's task is to bring out the facts that put his or her client's case in the most favorable light, but do so using approved legal procedures. In criminal cases, one of the lawyers works for the executive branch of the government, which is the branch that

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