The courthouse and courtroom is where all legal proceedings take place from criminal to civil cases. Many people work together to make sure the activities in the court are taken care. In a courthouse you see police transporting prisoners, prosecutors, lawyers, secretaries, civilians, etc. Without these people working together the courthouse would probably not function. I will explain some of the roles of some people who work at the courthouse and their roles in the courtroom.
Appellate Jurisdiction is the ability to review the transcripts of trial courts and see if they may have made an error in their decision. The appellate decision questions the law not the facts. Question 3 (pg. 65) Q: Identify and define the alternative tools of discovery. A: Interrogatories are questions that attorneys work with the clients to answer and are sent and answered under oath from one party to another.
The judge sits in the front of the courtroom at one’s desk, which is known as the bench. The mission of the judge is to preserve order in the court, determine what evidence is legally acceptable in court, give the jurors legal education to assist with deliberations, and send down rulings against criminals found guilty. The selection process for judges varies because courtrooms try federal and state cases, so judges are either federal or state. Federal judges are chosen by the President
173 Reflective Journal. Week 1: Aims of the criminal Justice system This week was essentially an introductory topic and provided me with a basic understanding of the aims and operations of the criminal justice system. I learned that there is a number of different steps within the criminal justice system and the involvement of all the parties involved such as police, judge and jury and the defence. According to John Champion the main purpose of the criminal justice system is to process and prosecute individuals who commit crimes against society and to deal out suitable punishments for these individuals. This is a pivotal part in terms of maintain the functioning of society and to ensure that people don’t go around breaking laws wherever and whenever they want.
What are the four stages of the judicial process? Pretrial Trial Deposition Appeals Describe each stage, explaining in detail any differences between the criminal and civil courts 1). Pretrial is a conference held before the trial begins to bring the parties together to outline discovery proceedings and to define the issues to be tried; more useful in civil than in criminal cases. Typically, a criminal defendant's first court hearing is an "arraignment" before a judge or magistrate. An "arraignment" is an appearance in court where charges are formally read to a defendant.
Courtroom Participation Valerie Johnson CJA/224 March 19, 2012 Jennifer Martin Courtroom Participation In the criminal court system, courtroom participation is customary in making sure that everyone involved does what is necessary in equipping the courtroom for the production of a trial. A description of courtroom participation involves various participants. The duties and responsibilities of these participants within the courtroom will reveal how important and what their expectations are as proceedings are held on a case by case basis. Each selected participants and the importance of each role played in courtroom procedures will emerge throughout the discussion of this paper. In the criminal justice system each participant’s position in the courtroom are necessary in every trial and within every case in every outcome.
Literally, he or she is a person who testifies at a court hearing. As a witness, the person may have seen an accident, witnessed a crime, or be asked to describe the character of someone they know. As a witness they will be asked to answer some questions regarding their knowledge of a case in court. Well in this case we are certainly not in a court of Law but in a work setting you need to locate someone who testifies in writing about you with regards to your work. Secondly, what is a testimony?
Crimes happen daily, and thousands of criminals are sent to court to defend themselves. Prosecutors often feel the need to bring in an expert witness to testify in cases where they feel an expert would better describe the situation. A mental health expert can be there to provide an objective analysis of the victim or even to describe the mental state of the suspect. These experts have to have certain criteria to be recognized as liable. Mental Health experts have contributed and are sometimes needed, and at times there are problems related with them.
Probation and Parole officers both report to the courts on terms of one’s sentencing. Both of these types of officers meet their clients regularly. Being a good communicator is necessary for both probation and parole officers. Both probation and parole officers can send their clients back to jail or prison if one does not cooperate and serve the punishment they are sentenced. While they both have similarities their jobs are different as well.
Probate court handles the settlement of this. There are two types of trials and ways trail can be heard. A criminal trial is a type of trial where a person is accused, typically by law enforcement of committing a crime. This type of trial can be either breaking and entering, rape , murder and various other criminal offenses. Another type of trial is Civil trial which is a way to resolve lawsuit and various other claims that can be made against an individual or family.