It is the responsibility of the judge to oversee all that goes on within the courtroom and ensure that rights are not violated as well as rule on each case that is put before them. The defense attorneys, prosecuting attorneys, and the public defenders, help paint a picture if you will for the judge of what happened. The judge then interprets the information he or she is given to determine guilt or innocence without bias ensuring that the accused receives a fair trial. The role of the Prosecutor is to
The role of a prosecuting attorney is to review all evidence against a person or party and build a case against the person(s). A prosecutor is typically in charge of bringing criminal charges against a person(s) and presenting their evidence to a court to assure a conviction. They work directly for the district attorneys office of a jurisdiction and are responsible for presenting the state’s case against the defendant. The prosecuting attorney is the primary representative of the people by virtue of the belief that violations of the criminal law are an affront to the public. The prosecutor pairs up with the law enforcement officers that are gathering the evidence and then they see if they have enough evidence to continue with the case.
He or she is responsible for ensuring the court proceedings are legal, and that the defendant receives his or her rights to due process of law. The judge does this by setting the rules of the courtroom and acting as a referee between opposing council. Although a judges’ most visible role is during a criminal or civil trial, he or she has many responsibilities. Prior to any court hearing, the judge is responsible for signing search and arrest warrants. Judges also deal with the issue of bail once established that there is enough evidence to hold a criminal trial against the defendant during the preliminary hearing.
Marty (Marthena) Clabaugh CJA/224 December 6, 2010 Dr. Beverly Spencer Courtroom Participation Paper The courtroom group consist of several participates the prosecutor, the attorney for the defendant, the defendant, the judge, the baliff, the court reporter, the witnesses, and the jurors. All these participates play important roles in the justice system drama. Each work with one another in accordance with the laws and jurisdiction of the court. The prosecutor is central to the justice drama in their part as the district attorney the review cases within their jurisdiction. District attorney’s process cases, determine whether police have made arrests which are procedural and follow the rules.
These individuals are given the task of how to move the trial along and what types of sentences should be asked to the judge after the trial has taken place. There are several methods that prosecutors should employ to deal with crimes. One of these methods could be implementing diversion programs for criminals. Again, by placing such a program on the books this would put society more in charge of what is happening to criminals in their communities. Misconduct of Court Room Players In the courtroom, just as outside of the courtroom, there are always times in which misconduct of a courtroom player takes place.
A convenient way to conceive of philosophical arguments is to envision the arrangement of a Criminal or Civil Court. Who are the participants in the typical court situation? Of course there is always a judge with special training and authority to over see the rules for administering justice between the parties to the dispute. Who else? Well there is the prosecutor representing the jurisdiction whether City, State or Federal (or claimant who has filed a claim against a litigant who has done something for which the claimant seeks retribution) and the defendant who under some circumstances may act in his or her own defense but in all likelihood a licensed, practicing attorney who acts on behalf of his client(s).
Special Agent After college, the career field that I plan on pursuing is Law. Public Safety, Corrections and Security are all included in this law field. I want to be a Criminal Investigator or a Special Agent. “The job consist of investigating criminal activities in the Federal, State and local levels of government, prepare reports that detail investigation findings and testify before the grand jury concerning criminal cases” (Kuder). “They also analyze evidence in the lab or in the field, determine if the evidence that is found is sufficient to recommend to the prosecution and they are the ones who supervise the entire investigation” (Kuder).
Third, prior to the jury undergoing discussion about the facts in the case, the judge gives the jury guidelines about the law that relates to the case and the criteria that must be used in deciding the case. Fourth, the judge must also determine the facts and the outcome of the case. The fifth role the judge has is his obligation to sentence the accused. The Jury is composed of citizens that must hear the evidence presented by the prosecutor and decide whether there is enough evidence to indict the defendant of the crime.
Indictable offences are the more serious crimes such as murder, armed robbery, sexual assault, drug trafficking and arson. These offences are tried by a judge and jury in District or Supreme Courts. A preliminary (committal) hearing is held in Local Court before a magistrate to determine whether there is sufficient evidence for a ‘prima facie’ case. The prosecution is required to produce evidence and witnesses. The process of criminal prosecution begins when a person (usually a police officer) lays information before a court or a justice of the peace.
Right to Counsel CJA/364 Jill Violanda Parr October 17, 2011 Professor Scott Horwath Right to Counsel is a right that everyone has when he or she has committed a crime and he or she is arrested for the crime. Right to Counsel is a privilege and is and should be granted to all citizens. Any accused person has the option to invoke the assistance of counsel for their defense. This includes provisions regarding any alleged criminal from the time they are taken into police custody. A court appointed attorney is often granted for preliminary hearings or for those who are not able to afford counsel.