Court Cases: The Verdict

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The Verdict At the completion of the trial, the jury (if there is one) is instructed by the judge as to the law and then retires to the jury room to deliberate. The jurors are always instructed that they are not allowed to discuss the case with anyone and are required to render their decision entirely on the basis of the evidence presented during the trial. The jury's deliberations are secret; no one other than the jury is allowed in the jury room while it is making up its mind. During its deliberations, the jury can ask the judge for clarification of the law, can ask to see the evidence again, and can have transcripts of the testimony 33 read back to it. There is no time limit imposed on the jury; the decision-making…show more content…
The jury is instructed to keep discussing the case until it reaches a decision or until it is clear that the disagreements are insurmountable and that there will be a hung jury. If there is a hung jury, the case can be retried before a new jury. TYPES OF COURTS Federal and State Courts There are two types of courts in the United States: federal and state. Detailed rules exist for what types of cases can be filed in each type of court. Only very limited types of matters can be brought in federal court. Generally, federal courts can hear civil cases only if there is an issue involving the meaning of a federal law (such as the Constitution or a law passed by Congress), or if the parties are from different states and more than $75,000 is at stake, or if the United States is a party to the lawsuit. For example, if a company violates a federal environmental law, a suit can…show more content…
For example, in San Francisco, cases are heard by what is called the "United States District Court for the Northern District of California." In Los Angeles it is the "United States District Court for the Central District of California." In the federal district court, one judge is assigned to each case and usually will hear all issues and arguments that arise. There are some specialized federal courts. For example, the United States Bankruptcy Courts exist to hear petitions for bankruptcy where individuals ask to be excused of their debts. State courts can hear most types of cases. In fact, the vast majority of cases of all types are heard in state courts. In California, cases are usually filed in the Superior Court. Small claims courts are places where people can file claims for disputes involving relatively small sums of money on their own without an attorney. In most instances, lawyers are not allowed in small claims courts and the procedures are simplified.10 Usually, to file a lawsuit a filing fee must be paid. Those too poor to afford the fee can ask for a waiver. In some types of cases, such as divorce, a

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