LO2A According to Rogers, a counsellor with the following three attitudes would allow the client to express their feelings freely without having the feeling that they are being judged. The counsellor does not attempt to change the client's way of thinking in order to explore the issues that are most important to them. The first condition is empathy which means showing a shared understanding of feeling. A counsellor should sense the feelings that the client is experiencing and communicate this understanding to the client. When functioning best, the counsellor is so much inside the private world of the other that they can clarify not only the meanings of which the client is aware but even those just below the level of awareness.
The therapist should hide nothing and the client should be able to see through her. Clients often have a distorted view of themselves, they often act out wishes of others and because they were used to doing it all their lives they find it a challenge to find their real self and are undecided as to how to proceed in life, what they want or how to follow their dreams. Because the therapist accepts the client unconditionally, does not judge him, approve or disapprove, the client is able to explore more of his real self, become more real. If the client is being understood by the therapist then she
Respecting individuality Respect is caring quality in which a person is given and is seen to be given their rights. It includes, ensuring that the service user has the privacy and space they need to feel comfortable and to be their own person, also to enjoy their own company. Listening, in my opinion this is the most important skill needed in respecting individuality. Good listening to what patient/client needs or wants is crucial as misunderstanding or miss hearing something could have negative after effects. Allowing the user the right to personal beliefs such as religion is really important as the service user needs to feel that they are welcome with all their beliefs no matter what the belief is, also allowing the service user time on
UNIT 1 PROFESSIONAL ORGANISATIONAL ISSUES IN COUNSELLING 1. Definition of Counselling The BACP (British Assosiaction for Counselling and Psychotherapy)definition of counselling is as follows; ‘Counselling takes place when a counsellor sees a client in a private and confidential setting to explore a difficulty the client is having, distress they may be experiencing or perhaps their dissatisfaction with life, or loss of a sense of direction and purpose. It is always at the request of the client as no one can properly be 'sent' for counselling. By listening attentively and patiently the counsellor can begin to perceive the difficulties from the client's point of view and can help them to see things more clearly, possibly from a different perspective.’ (http://www.bacp.co.uk/education/whatiscounselling.html) When evaluating this statement from my own philosophical viewpoint I feel that it adequately pinpoints important aspects of counselling such confidentiality and the individual having a choice to attend. The use of the words ‘different perspectives’ gives inclusion to the range of therapeutic models and individuality.
It is free of any expectations. Given the right environment with the three core conditions it is believed the client is then able to become aware of their own feelings and to find their own sense of direction and solution without advice or direction from the therapist. The therapists role is to provide the core conditions required and to reflect back to the client what they are expressing and to “be in the moment” with that client, understanding them and allowing them to come to their own solution through hearing their own thoughts and words expressed back and feeling understood. The core conditions for person centred therapy are 1. Empathy - the therapist being able to feel or attempt to feel what the client is expressing without becoming lost in themselves.
Here are some of the ways that you can maintain professional boundaries: • Be reliable and dependable • Do not form inappropriate intimate or personal relationships with individuals • Promote individuals’ independence and protect them as far as possible from harm • Do not accept gifts or money from individuals or their family members • Be honest and trustworthy • Comply with policies and procedures or agreed ways of working • Cooperate with colleagues and treat them with respect • Do not discriminate against anyone • Maintain clear and accurate records • Continue to improve your knowledge and skills • Respect confidential information and knowing when it is appropriate to share • Report any concerns you may have Most of your clients will rely heavily on your support, for some of them you might be the only person they see from day to day and because of this, it is really important that you do your very best to keep the relationship professional. This will help individuals to feel confident that you are able to support
A bond is formed as the worker treats the client with unconditional positive regard and seems interested and may even be interested in the client’s life. The client begins to trust the worker and may disclose things they haven’t disclosed to anyone before. It is important for the worker to maintain professional boundaries such as, not meeting the client outside, not disclosing personal information about themselves etc as the relationship is easily confused for friendship by the service user. It is the responsibility of the worker to not blur the lines. Learning outcome 2 Be able to work in ways that are agreed with the employer.
It is during this process that a counselor must effectively assess, approach, and strive to help a client to resolve, recover, and return to his/her normal state of functioning. The primary objective of the counselor is to restore the client to a normal state and level of functioning, and encourage the client towards positive coping strategies. “The counseling relationship is unique in this regard; before any work can be done, the client must feel understood and accepted by the counselor” (Kanel, 2007). The foundation of beginning relationships between counselor and client must be established with good rapport. Rapport brings forth a sense of trust and understanding needed to help a client feel comfortable and maybe even optimistic enough to disclose personal issues/concerns.
When the therapist is able to show an empathetic understanding of what the client is experiencing, it helps the client have a better inner understanding as well. • Unconditional positive regard – Therapists must always maintain a positive and non-judgmental view of their clients. Rogers’ believed that conditional regard and support from others lead to some of the problems clients mostly experienced. When they felt accepted without conditions and the fear of rejection was no more there, clients could openly talk about their
We all come from different environments and cultures and this shapes who we are and our moral and value systems. As hypnosis is working with the subconscious mind it is important to understand that every client will have different needs and in order to achieve the best chance of success we need to work very closely with them in assisting our clients to achieve the most beneficial state possible. Respecting your clients as individuals and not hypnotic subjects requires talking to them, getting to understand what kind of person they are by asking questions and more importantly listening to them. By listening and taking to them this allows the therapist to access doorways to their subconscious mind, as we can pay attention to the things that relax them, and furthermore, it can help to process the experiences and the style of behaviour that they will likely best react to. Personalising inductions also includes finding out what that person likes and dislikes and what they do in their spare time, any hobbies they might have exploring the words to use that will relax them.