Some people you provide care for lack the capacity to make some decisions, in which case you should adapt the choices and the way that you communicate them to suit the individual. The benefits The benefits that active participation has for individuals are numerous; it enables them to live their lives as independently as possible, it maintains their rights to choice, equality and opportunity, it can increase self-esteem and confidence, it can give people a feeling of self-worth and it can help make people’s lives more
History and Trends In Counseling Student Liberty University Abstract The purpose of this paper is to enable the reader to understand a broad concept of counseling in America from 1913 to present. It is by no means an inclusive survey but is intended to give an overview of counseling. Subtle changes are seen as the counseling paradigm shifts from practitioners making decisions as to what they determine is in the clients best interest to clients becoming empowered to choose their own goals. It is written to show how counselors help those with mental health issues strive to achieve mental soundness without imposing their own values on the client. Mental health practitioners have many functions and serve clients in a vast array of roles.
Diploma in Therapeutic Counselling Unit Title: K/601/7632 Counselling Theory Unit Summary: Learners will analyse one major therapeutic model to influence, inform and empower their practice as a counsellor. They will also compare other therapeutic models with the major model. Learner name: Claire Bracegirdle Tutor name: Margaret Shacklady Learning outcome 1 – understand a major therapeutic model of counselling Assessment Criteria 1.1 Analyse the philosophy of one major therapeutic model in relation to . Its origins . Historical development to the present day .
By looking at their client as a whole, the counselor will be able to advocate for the most successful therapy for the individual. What is your opinion of the Postmodernism assumption that the “self” and “identity” are socially constructed? I feel that there is some cogency with the notion that self and identity are socially constructed based on the atmosphere the individual may be in. If a person is in a negative and oppressive surrounding all the time, they will have a negative and oppressive outlook on life that will cause all types of issues with their self-image and their self-identity. This can also refer to “nature vs. nurture” because self-identity can be achieved by being nurtured by loved ones and encouraged in everyday life by people that love them.
Tough situations like growing up with two different parenting styles, going through a heart-breaking relationship, and having both parents go through cancer, has taught me that struggles placed in life are placed to help people get stronger and to be prepared for anything that comes in the future. People can learn from mistakes, more forwards with their life. I want my personal counseling theory to be based on that we cannot change the past, but we can improve the future. Personal Theory Paper Each counseling theory is not considered “right” or “wrong.” Each one has a different influence on the understanding of human behavior (Corey, 2013). After studying the different counseling theories, I have concluded that there are aspects of each one that I would like to include in my own theory.
This essay will explore person-centred and cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) respectively, it will then discuss some of the ways in which each therapy differs from the other and it will also highlight any parallels. Firstly, the Person-centred approach has been known by many different terms such as client-centred, non-directive and Rogerian, after the founder Carl Rogers (McLeod, 2008). The aim of person-centred counselling is to promote the clients into solving his or her own difficulties, whilst the counsellor takes a non-directive role. This approach to counselling believes that the client is the best authority on his or her own experiences but can only act upon them under the right conditions, (McLeod, 2008). Rogers discovered that for an individual to be able to express themselves fully and to experience therapeutic change, three 'core conditions' must be established within the counselling environment, (McLeod, 2008).
Rather it is more appropriate to speak of existential psychotherapies (Cooper, 2003 Walsh & McElwain, 2002). Yalom (1980) defined existential psychotherapy as a dynamic approach to therapy which focuses on concerns that are rooted in the individual’s existence. The existential approach is a dynamic approach that focuses four ultimate concerns that are rooted in the human existence: death, freedom, existential isolation and meaninglessness (Yalom, 1980). Existential therapy is founded on the premise that we are free and therefore responsible for our choices and actions. We are the leaders of our lives and we need to find experiences that will give them meaning.
A reflective account of communication ‘Whilst experience Is the basis for learning, learning cannot take place without reflection’ Osterman and kottomp 2004 This assignment will be a reflection on communication within my role as a volunteer mentor, to offenders/ ex-offenders. Due to confidentiality agreements and the need for different approaches to the variant of individual circumstances, this will not be a case study per se but will recount the methods, theories and practice used within an interaction, and reflect on the process as a whole toward a client with aggression tendencies. Schon (1996) states that self-consciousness (reflection) and ‘on going self- critique ‘(critical reflection) are essential components to continued increased ability within ones professional and personal growth. Williams (2001) claims this can be further achieved by examining and critically questioning practice, knowledge, and personal problem solving processes to the action undertaken. For me to become critically reflective in my practice with ex-offenders and beyond, taking my learned experiences into the housing sector field, I will use the Driscoll model of reflection; What, So What, Now What.
They should look at their child and show them that they are listening to them. Understanding their point of view and where they are coming from also will help one to be a good parent. Being a good parent has a lot of responsibilities and a lot of time toward a child, children are like sponges and they take in everything they can learn. In order to be a good parent, you also have to be strict; it is for the child`s own good. He may not like it of course, who will?
In doing so, this will raise my knowledge and awareness, of the person-centred model and other models used within counselling. I feel it is important, to have a solid theory foundation of all the counselling models, methods or techniques and the reasons a chosen model, would inform the practice of a qualified counsellor, before attempting to use them. I hope to discover the value, similarities and differences of these models in more depth and where they can be effective in the counselling environment. Origins of Person-centred Counselling. The beginnings of person-centred approaches can be attributed to the work of an American psychologist Carl