1.1. Using examples, evaluate the relevance of the following in the counselling process. * Stereotyping Stereotyping can lead to groups and individuals being categorised, which in turn may produce prejudiced beliefs. In the counselling relationship there is potential for stereotyping from client to counsellor and vice versa. A client who experiences a lifetime of racial stereotyping may bring any residual feelings to counselling (McLeod 2008).
LD210: Introductory awareness of autistic spectrum conditions 1.1. Describe the types of difficulty that individuals with an autistic spectrum condition may have with language and other ways of communicating with others. 1.2. Identify problems that individuals with an autistic spectrum condition may have in social interaction and relationships. 1.3.
There is no doubt counsellors have to be aware of the complications when it comes to culture (Pederson & Ivey 1993). Within a culture people develop patterns of behaviour that they have learnt. Cultural identity differences can be perceived between themselves and other groups and can also be based on personal preferences i.e. Language, religion, lifestyle, Birthplace or even life experiences. There is a danger that if counsellors minimise cultural differences they are likely to impose the larger multicultural groups similarities upon the smaller multicultural groups and uphold one group as being more important than the other.
In MCT the client’s social and cultural background is of importance. It is important as a counselor to recognize that such things as gender, racial or cultural background, and economic status can affect assessment, diagnosis and treatment. How does MCT challenge counselors to intervene at
3.It can also make a person's quality of life better if they are communicating that they are in pain. 4.Also life saving in the case of a warning. Aii Explain how effective communication can affect relationships in an adult social care setting between: a) Colleagues and other professionals is that you understand one another in different situations, that you can work together as a team communicating. Understanding also that the right information is given out by listen to one another. b) Individuals using the service and their carers is different depending on the person with who you are communicating and the purpose of the communication.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUALS WITH SPECIFIC COMMUNICATION NEEDS TASK C It is crucial for a support worker to be aware and take the matter carefully, because the capability to make decisions among individuals is different. it may looks quite simple to think that people with mental impairment, physical illness or people how have got language barriers, may have affect their capabilities to express agreement. A professional carer will understand how to work sensitively with service user individually and design goals to achieve successful outcomes. The mental capacity act clearly defines that every adult has the right to make their own decisions. It must be assumed that they have the capacity to do so, unless it has been proven otherwise.
31: Principles of communication in adult social care settings 1.1 Identify different reasons why people communicate * Reasons why people communicate include the following: * expressing and sharing ideas, feelings, needs, wishes and preferences * obtaining and receiving information * forming relationships * getting to know each other 1. 2 Explain how communication affects relationships in an adult social care settings * Effects of communication may include: * encouraging participation * discouraging support and trust * creating equality * creating inequality * promoting empathy and shared understanding * discouraging empathy and shared understanding 2.1 Compare ways to establish the communication and language needs, wishes and preferences of an individual An individual is someone requiring care or support and preferences may be based on their beliefs , values and culture. * Ways may include: * asking the individual * observing the individual * seeking information from the individual’s care plan, communication profile * seeking information from those who know the individual well * seeking information from other care professionals 2.2 Describe the factors to consider when promoting effective communication * Factors to consider may include: * the individual’s needs, preferences, beliefs, values and culture * how to involve the individual * whether they use communication aids * approach i.e. tone of voice, body language * the environment 2.3 Describe a range of communication methods and styles to meet individual needs Different Communication methods include: Non-verbal communication: * written words * facial expressions * eye contact * touch * physical gestures * body language * behaviour * gestures
CU303P/CT303 Principles of Communication in Adult Social Care Settings. 1.1 The different reasons why people communicate are To express needs, to share ideas and information, to reassure, to express feelings, to build relationships,to ask questions and to share experiences. 1.2 If you do not show effective communication then the person/people you are communicating with may not understand what you are trying to communicate to them. They may also misunderstand what you mean and give you an invalid response. 1.3 It is important to observe an individuals reactions so you are aware they understand what is being communicated to them.
Warm up take indicates that you value them Develop trust and confidentiality This may mean use of slang shortened words, cursing as well as inside jokes with family and friends. As a health and social care professional should stay clear of informal communication to a patient excluding the fact that the patient which is being treated id familiar. If a professional uses informal communication the service user might get the wrong idea and feel disrespected. If this is the case the professional has failed to create rapport and a positive and comfortable atmosphere. Non – Verbal communication Usually within a certain amount of minutes of meeting someone, we usually have already passed judgement ‘professionals are able to tell a service users emotion we can figure out what the personal is thinking.
‘Compare and contrast the different ways the person-centred and cognitive-behavioural approaches to counselling understand and make use of the counselling relationship’ This essay will compare and contrast two of the many approaches to counselling available today. Firstly, we will briefly consider what counselling is and the relationship between therapist and client. We will then go on to consider the similarities and differences between the person-centred and cognitive-behavioural approaches. We will see how these two methods are used within the counselling relationship and consider their aims and objectives. In conclusion we will see why it could be argued that the latter approach is the most useful for many clients.