Counselling Essay

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Page 1 of 16 What is counseling? • • • Counselling aims to help people achieve degrees of freedom and possibility that just were not there before. It is not a cure for physical disease but can have a positive impact on people living with or suffering from a disease. The main aim of counselling is to create an emotionally safe space and an accepting and caring relationship in which the client can explore, discover and clarify ways of living more satisfyingly and resourcefully. The responsibility for growth and change remains with the client. The counsellor provides the client with time and space that have the following characteristics: o Permission to speak freely o Respect for difference o Confidentiality o Affirmation The counsellor makes use of whatever cultural resources come to hand such as o Algorithms o Discourses o Conversations o Ideas o Theories o Altered states of consciousness o Problem-solving The potential outcomes of counselling falls into three broad categories: o Resolution of the original problem – this may include: Ø Achieving an understanding or perspective of the problem Ø Arriving at a personal acceptance of the problem Ø Taking action to change the situation in which the problem arose o Learning – may enable the person to acquire new understandings, skills and strategies that enable them to better handle similar problems in future o Social inclusion – it may stimulate the energy and capacity of the person as someone who can contribute to the well-being of others and the social good. • • • • The purpose of counseling for the client • • • • • • • • • • • • • Insight into the origins and development of emotional difficulties Relating with others in order to be better able to form meaningful and satisfying relationships Self-awareness of thoughts and feelings and development of sense of self Self-acceptance Self-actualisation or

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