Cotemporary Problems Essay

1263 WordsJul 1, 20116 Pages
One contemporary problem I will discuss in this paper is persons living with HIV/AIDS the target population will be African Americans. HIV is the human immunodeficiency virus. Kilmarx P, (2008) it is the virus that can lead to acquired immune deficiency syndrome, or AIDS. CDC estimates that about 56,000 people in the United States contracted HIV in 2006. There are two types of HIV, HIV-1 and HIV-2. In the United States, unless otherwise noted, the term “HIV” primarily refers to HIV-1. Both types of HIV damage a person’s body by destroying specific blood cells, called CD4+T cells, which are crucial to helping the body fight diseases. By race/ethnicity, African Americans face the most severe burden of HIV in the United States (US). At the end of 2007, blacks accounted for almost half (46%) of people living with a confidential, name-based HIV reporting. In 2006, blacks accounted for nearly half (45%) of new infections in the 50 states. In 2006, black men accounted for two-thirds of new infections (65%) among all blacks. The rate of new HIV infection for black men was 6 times as high as that of white men, nearly 3 times that of Hispanic/Latino men, and twice that of black women. In 2006, black men who have sex with men (MSM) represented 63% of new infections among all black men, and 35% among all MSM. HIV infection rates are higher among black MSM compared to other MSM. More new HIV infections occurred among black MSM (aged 13-29) than among any other age and racial group of MSM. In 2006, the rate of new HIV infection for black women was nearly 15 times as high as that of white women and nearly 4 times that of Hispanic/Latino women. In 2008, an estimated 18,328 blacks received an AIDS diagnosis, a number that has remained relatively stable since 2005. By the end of 2007, an estimated 233,624 blacks with a diagnosis of AIDS had died in the US and 5 dependent areas.

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